• Current Affairs , 22 November 2019

    • November 22, 2019
    • Posted By : upliftlife
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    1. India – E29 are Beacons of Growth in a Slowing World
    2. Damage to Coffee and Spices Plantations
    3. Export-Import of Agricultural Products
    4. 19th November 2019 marked the 191st birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmibai
    5. Mizoram government revokes Forest Rights Act
    6. over 18 Lakh Farmers are registered under PM KISAN MAAN DHAN YOJANA
    7. President’s Colour Awarded to Indian Naval Academy
    8. NRC to Identify Illegal Migrants in Assam
    9. NuGen Mobility Summit 2019
    • India-Singapore defence Dialogue
    1. Pneumonic Plague :  the most deadly version of the disease
    2. Israeli settlements in the West Bank np longer violate international law
    3. Uighur detention camps
    4. Spain’s striker David Villa retires from football
    5. 2020 Hockey Pro League






    1. India – E29 are Beacons of Growth in a Slowing World



    • India and the countries of the Europe 29 region are beacons of growth in a slowing world. This was stated by Mr. Piyush Goyal, Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways at the India – Europe 29 Business Forum has been organized by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in New Delhi today. The Europe 29 (E29) region refers to the 29 countries in Central, Eastern and Northern Europe.
    • Commerce and Industry Minister said that India and Europe have very strong historical and cultural connect and can capitalize on this to develop strong economic partnership. Both India and Europe have complementary strengths especially in areas such as smart cities, renewable energy, start-ups IT and ITeS stated the Commerce and Industry Minister. In addition to this, he suggested that promotion of bilateral tourism may be considered as a major area of cooperation. Piyush Goyal was of the view that the E29 region could act as a gateway for Indian products to the wider European market.
    • On this occasion, Ms. Mariyana Nikolova, Deputy Prime Minister for Economic and Demographic Policy, Bulgaria invited Indian industry to invest in Bulgaria. She stated that Bulgaria has a predictable and stable policy framework as well as one of the lowest tax rates in Europe at 10% for corporates. She informed that the areas where India and Bulgaria can work together include pharmaceuticals, chemicals, machinery and agri and food processing, among others. She also highlighted Bulgaria’s strengths in both hardware and software where Indian companies could be an ideal partner.
    • Vojtecj Ferencz, State Secretary and First Deputy Minister of Economy, Slovak Republic highlighted that companies like TCS and Jaguar Land Rover had invested in the country, and there was a need to step up Indian investment. Some of the sectors which may be considered are automobiles and auto components, electronics and electrical equipment.
    • Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, T S Tirumurti, in his address said that the economies of the two regions were complementary. He invited the E29 economies to boost cooperation with India. The India – Europe 29Business Forum will act as a bridge and help close the geographical and knowledge gap between the two regions, he said.



    2. Damage to Coffee and Spices Plantations



    • The Coffee Board’s Extension teams carried out preliminary surveys (current year) in the calamity affected areas both in Karnataka and Kerala states to estimate the extent of damage to the coffee plantations due to flooding/landslides and damage to standing coffee crop due to premature fruit drop and fungal diseases. As per the preliminary assessment in Karnataka state, out of the total bearing area of 2, 26,244 hectares, an area of about 97,365 hectares has been reported to be affected by crop loss of more than 33% and an area of 620 hectares is reported to have been affected by landslides/floods. In Kerala an area of about 850 hectares has been reported to be affected with crop loss of more than 33% and about an area of 16 hectares of plantations are reported to have been affected by landslides/floods.
    • As per the assessment made by the Directorate of Horticulture, Karnataka, 11502 hectares of black pepper, 3184 hectares of ginger, 573 hectares of turmeric and 25891 hectares of chilli have been severely affected in the State due to heavy rain this year with an estimated crop loss of more than 33%.
    • In Kerala, the Department of Agriculture Development and Farmers Welfare made an assessment of crop damages due to heavy rain. Crop-wise details of spices completely damaged are given below:
    Crop Pepper Nutmeg Ginger Cardamom Clove Total
    Area affected (hectare) 40.23 88.67 13.25 25.08 0.56 167.79
    Farmers affected


    3074 3542 456 530 56 7658
    • Source: Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development
    • Further, the Spices Board had assisted the State Government of Karnataka in the assessment of the damage caused to the cardamom plantations due to heavy rains in the Coorg district. As per the report, about 1800 hectares of cardamom plantations have been affected with a crop loss of more than 33%. The report has been submitted to the State Government.
    • Under the extant provisions of State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) and National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF), relief in the form of input subsidy for agriculture crops, horticulture crops, annual plantation crops, perennial crops and sericulture is provided when crops loss is 33% and above. For the perennial crops, norms of assistance are Rs. 18,000 per hectare.
    • The Coffee Board, Spices Board and Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development have not constituted any Task Force during the current year to assess the extent of damage due to natural calamity.
    • Coffee and Spices need a minimum of 3-4 years for economic yield after planting.



    3. Export-Import of Agricultural Products



    • The export and import policies for agricultural products, which include the decisions onlifting/imposing bans on export/import of individual agricultural products, are framed keepingseveral factors in mind, such as availability of surplus over the domestic requirements (includingthe requirement of buffer stock and strategic reserve, if any), concerns of food security,diplomatic/humanitarian considerations, international demand and supply situation, pricecompetitiveness, need to balance between remunerative prices to the growers and availability ofagricultural products to common man at affordable prices etc. During the last three years, no banshave been imposed on export/import of any of the major agricultural products except for the banon export of onions, which has been imposed only recently from 29th September, 2019. As such,no study has been conducted in this regard.
    • The Agriculture Export Policy, brought out by the Government in December 2018, aimsat a stable trade policy for agricultural products, involving following steps:
    • The processed agricultural products and all kinds of organic products will not be brought underthe ambit of any kind of export restriction (viz. Minimum Export Price, Export duty, Export bans,Export quota, Export capping, Export permit etc.) even though the primary agricultural product ornon-organic agricultural product is brought under some kind of export restrictions.
    • Identification of commodities which are essential for food security in consultation with therelevant stakeholders and Ministries. Any export restriction on such identified commoditiesunder extreme price situation will be based on decision of a high level committee. Also, any kindof export prohibitions and restrictions on the identified commodities above would be taken up ina WTO compatible manner.
    • Consequent to the approval of policy, mandate of the Committee of Secretaries on ‘Essentialcommodities’ has been expanded to provide recommendation on export restrictions on a fewcommodities, which are essential for food security, under extreme price situation only.


    1. 19th November 2019 marked the 191st birth anniversaryof Rani Lakshmibai


    • Born on November 19, 1828, as Manikarnika Tambe in
    • Rani was married to the King of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Newalkar in 1842.
    • She had a son Damodar Rao, who died within four months of his birth. Following the death of the infant, her husband adopted a cousin’s child Anand Rao, who was renamed Damodar Rao a day prior to the death of the Maharaja.
    • Lord Dalhousie refused to acknowledge the child and applied the Doctrine of Lapse, and annexed the state. However, the Rani refused to accept the Lord Dalhousie’s decision.
    • This led to a fight between the two. The Rani of Jhansi gave a tough fight to the British during the two weeks siege of the city.
    • The queen died while fighting a squadron of the 8th Hussars under Captain Heneage, on June 18, 1858, in Kotah-ki-Serai near the Phool Bagh of Gwalior.
    • The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy followed widely by Lord Dalhousie when he was India’s Governor-General from 1848 to 1856.
    • According to this, any princely state under the direct or indirect (as a vassal) control of the East India Company where the ruler did not have a legal male heir would be annexed by the company
    • As per this, any adopted son of the Indian ruler could not be proclaimed as heir to the kingdom. This challenged the Indian ruler’s long-held authority to appoint an heir of their choice.




    1. Mizoram government revokes Forest Rights Act



    • The Mizoram governmenthas passed a resolution revoking the implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA).
    • Under Article 371 (G) of the Constitution,Mizoram has a special provision which makes it mandatory for all legislations of Parliament pertaining to land ownership and transfer to be first passed by the state’s assembly through a resolution before it can be implemented in the state.
    • The state government used this provision of the Constitution to pass a resolution to revoke FRA from the state.
    • The revocation is being seen as a misuse of Article 371 (G) by the state government.
    • According to the 2017 State of Forest Reportby the Forest Survey of India, around 20% of the total 5,641 square kilometres of the forest land in Mizoram is “Unclassed Forest” which is under Autonomous District Councils.
    • The area of unclassed forest is lowest in Mizoram, among all North Eastern states.This also means that the potential for FRA implementation is also the highest in the state.With a major portion of the geographical area of states like Mizoram under forest cover, and communities having ownership on those lands, revoking FRA can be seen as a means to keep the forest land with the forest departments for later diversion.


    • About Forest Rights Act (FRA):
    • The act was passed in December 2006.It deals with the rights of forest-dwelling communities over land and other resources.The Act grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities, partially correcting the injustice caused by the forest laws.
    1. Over 18 Lakh Farmers are registered under PM KISAN MAAN DHAN YOJANA



    • As per the latest data, over 18 Lakh Farmers are registered under PM KISAN MAAN DHAN YOJANA.
    • To improve the life of small and marginal farmers of the country.
    • The scheme is voluntary and contributory for farmers in the entry age group of 18 to 40 years.
    • A monthly pension of Rs. 3000/–will be provided to them on attaining the age of 60 years.
    • The spouse is also eligible to get a separate pension of Rs.3000/- upon making separate contributions to the Fund.
    • Initial contribution:The farmers will have to make a monthly contribution of Rs.55 to Rs.200, depending on their age of entry, in the Pension Fund till they reach the retirement date i.e. the age of 60 years.
    • The Central Government will also make an equal contribution of the same amount in the pension fund.
    • The Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) shall be the Pension Fund Managerand responsible for Pension pay out.
    • If there is no spouse, then total contribution along with interest will be paid to the nominee.
    • If the farmer dies after the retirement date, the spouse will receive 50% of the pension as Family Pension.
    • After the death of both the farmer and the spouse, the accumulated corpus shall be credited back to the Pension Fund.
    • The beneficiaries may opt voluntarily to exit the Scheme after a minimum period of 5 years of regular contributions.
    • In case of default in making regular contributions, the beneficiaries are allowed to regularize the contributions by paying the outstanding dues along with prescribed interest.
    • It is expected that at least 10 crore labourers and workers in the unorganised sector will avail the benefit of the scheme within next five years making it one of the largest pension schemes of the world.




    7. President’s Colour Awarded to Indian Naval Academy

    ·         Shri Ram Nath Kovind, the Hon’ble President of India and the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces, awarded the President’s Colour to Indian Naval Academy (INA) on 20 November 2019.  The President’s Colour – the highest honour that is bestowed upon a military unit – was received by Academy Cadet Captain Sushil Singh on behalf of the INA in an impressive parade comprising 730 cadets of INA and a 150 – men Guard of Honour. A special postal cover was also released by the Hon’ble President to commemorate the occasion.

    ·         The Hon’ble President of India congratulated the INA, its present incumbents as well as past, on the occasion of the award of the President’s Colour and on completion of 50  years of Naval Academy for their hard work and dedication towards realization of this proud day. He said that “The fine parade this morning resonates well with the high reputation this Academy has earned for itself in a relatively short span of time.The President’s Colour should serve as the motivating symbol to inspire and mould a generation of officers that will pass out from this world class institution”.

    ·         Shri Arif Mohammed Khan, Hon’ble Governor of Kerala, Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, Chief of the Naval Staff, Kerala State Minister for Ports, Museums, Archaeology and Archives, Shri. Ramachandran Kadannappally, Vice Admiral AK Chawla, AVSM, NM, VSM, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief Southern Naval Command, and other senior service and civilian dignitaries graced the occasion. The event was also witnessed by NCC Cadets of 32ndBattallion, Kerala and children from Sainik School, Kodagu and local schools of Payyannur, besides the service and civillian personnel of INA. Indian Naval Ships Magar and Sujata and Indian Coast Guard Ship Sarathi were anchored off Ettikkulam Bay, to mark the momentous occasion.

    ·         Award of the President’s Colour to Indian Naval Academy is a recognition of the yeoman service rendered by the institution in shaping the leadership of the Navy by training naval officers over the last fifty years at three different locations – Kochi, Goa and Ezhimala. The Naval Academy was first established at a temporary location at Kochi in 1969. With the increase in strength of the trainees, the Naval Academy was relocated to INS Mandovi at Goa in 1986. The Indian Naval Academy (INA) found its permanent home at Ezhimala, Kerala and was inaugurated on 08 January 2009.INA, Ezhimala, over a period of 10 years has commissioned 5930 officers, into Indian Navy and Coast Guard including 531 women officers. INA has a present strength of 963 trainees including 44 women trainees and 26 trainees from friendly foreign countries.

    ·         Navy was the first of the three armed forces to be awarded the  President’s Colour on 27 May 1951.  Besides the INA, Southern Naval Command, Eastern Naval Command, Western Naval Command,  the Western & Eastern Fleet as well as the Submarine Arm are the units of the Indian navy to be awarded similarly.

    8. NRC to Identify Illegal Migrants in Assam


    • Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai, in a written reply to a question regarding the National Register of Citizens, in Rajya Sabha today, said that The National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) is being updated in the State of Assam under the provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955 and the provisions contained in the Schedule framed under Rule 4A of The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
    • The Minister said that Complete Draft NRIC in Assam was published on 30thJuly 2018 and the final NRIC had been published on 31st August 2019 after the disposal of claims and objections. He noted that any person, not satisfied with the outcome of the decisions of the claims and objections may prefer appeal before a designated Foreigners Tribunal constituted under The Foreigners (Tribunal) Order, 1964, within a period of 120 days from the date of such order.
    • The Minister also remarked that the matter of deportation would arise only after the disposal of appeals by the Foreigners Tribunal.  He added that powers vested in the Central Government to deport an illegal migrant under the Foreigners Act, 1946 have been entrusted to Government of Assam under article 258(1) of the Constitution of India and thus, the Government of Assam is competent to deport an illegal migrant after his nationality is verified, if so required.




    9. NuGen Mobility Summit 2019

    ·         The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is organizing the NuGen Mobility Summit 2019 from 27th to 29th November, 2019 at Center 2 in Manesar, Gurugram. The objective of the Summit is to share new ideas, learnings, global experiences, innovations and future technologies trends for the faster adoption, assimilation and development of advanced Automotive Technologies for a smarter and greener future. This event will help in building a platform for bringing together all stakeholders in the automotive industry to understand global advancements in technologies. The Event will be inaugurated by Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Nitin Jairam Gadkari on 27th Nov 2019 and Minister of State of Ministry of Finance, Anurag Thakur, will also be present during the inaugural session.

    o    The event is being organized in association with SAENIS, SAE INDIA, SAE International, NATRiP, DIMTS, DHI, MoRTH, SIAM and ACMA. The Summit will host more than 2500 participants, more than 250 exhibitors and 150 keynotes and technical papers.

    o    Briefing media in New Delhi Director ICAT, Dinesh Tyagi said that NuGen Mobility Summit 2019 will be one of the largest automotive events in India. He said that the uniqueness of this event is track demonstrations, drive-touch-feel activity and lab demonstrations on upcoming vehicle technologies like connected mobility, autonomous vehicles, electric mobility, alternate fuels, intelligent transportation system, hydrogen fuel cell, hydrogen I.C engine, vehicle dynamics, advance materials and light weighting, end of life vehicles and recycling. The event will also include demonstrations by students from teams of SAE Efficycle and BAJA. The Summit will provide insights into the upcoming technologies in the area of smart and green mobility, first hand feels of vehicle technology trends, interaction with industry experts and OEMs from India and abroad, understanding the associated testing regulations, future design trends and solutions.

    o    ICAT Centre-II is being readied to create a world-class state-of-the-art facility for organizing this Summit for the automotive fraternity. Several kinds of tracks such as Coast down track, Oval Track, ABS track, Hill Track and flood track will be available for demonstrations.

    o    Experts working with leading international scientific and research organizations and testing laboratories from various parts of the world like USA, Europe, Japan and other Asian countries will be part of the NuGen Mobility Summit 2019. They will share their experiences and knowledge on development of smart and green technologies and the challenges that the industry needs to overcome.

    • ICAT Manesar is a division of NATRIP Implementation Society (NATIS) under the department of Heavy Industries, Govt. of India. ICAT provides services for testing, validation, design and homologation of all categories of vehicles and has a mission to assist the automotive industry in adopting cutting edge technologies in vehicle evaluation and component development to ensure reliability, durability and compliance to the current and future regulations in new generation mobility solutions.




    10.         India-Singapore defence Dialogue

    ·         Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh and Defence Minister of Singapore Dr NG Eng Hen co-chaired the 4th Singapore-India Defence Ministers’ Dialogue in Singapore today. Both Ministers expressed satisfaction at the deepening defence ties between India & Singapore and reaffirmed their commitment to support further initiatives that would promote stability to the region.

    ·         The Ministers lauded the growth in cooperation in the maritime domain. The inaugural edition of the Singapore-India-Thailand Maritime Exercise (SITMEX) in the Andaman Sea was conducted in September 2019. This exercise underscores the shared responsibility of the countries to work together in keeping sea lines of communications open and strengthens interoperability between the three countries. The participating Navies have found value in the exercise and have agreed to conduct the exercise on a yearly basis.

    ·         The Defence Minister of Singapore appreciated India’s continued support for the training of the Singapore Armed Forces in India. Of note, in commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the Singapore Air Force-Indian Air Force Joint Military Training this year, the exercise was expanded to include an air-sea training component for the first time. The increasing degree of complexity of the bilateral exercises reflects the growing confidence and mutual respect for each other’s professional capabilities.

    ·         Shri Rajnath Singh reaffirmed India’s full support and active participation in the regional security architecture, namely the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM Plus) and its many initiatives. Dr Ng expressed support for India’s upcoming co-chairmanship of the ADMM Plus Experts’ Working Group on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) and welcomed India’s deepening engagements with other ASEAN States, both in bilateral and multilateral formats. In this regard, both sides welcomed the conclusion of a Letter of Intent to reaffirm mutual commitment to explore deepening HADR cooperation in areas such as information sharing and capacity building.

    ·          The Ministers commended the progress in defence technology collaboration. They witnessed the exchange of a Letter of Intent to register both sides’ commitment to conclude a Memorandum of Understanding to facilitate the use of Chandipur Integrated Test Range by the Singapore defence establishment.

    ·         Shri Rajnath Singh also offered setting up of a Joint Test Facilities under the Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme of India. Dr Ng agreed to explore opportunities for joint collaboration. The Ministers also agreed to explore cooperation in the fields of Artificial Intelligence, Geo-Spatial Data Sharing and Cyber Security. It was also agreed to hold the 5th DMD in India next year on mutually convenient dates.

    ·         The DMD between India & Singapore had commenced in 2015 after both countries signed the revised Defence Cooperation Agreement (DCA) to further strengthen the long-standing bilateral defence relationship. Since then, the relationship has broadened and deepened to encompass military cooperation across all three Services of the Armed Forces of India & Singapore, defence technology cooperation as well as cooperation through multilateral engagements.


    1. Pneumonic Plague :  the most deadly version of the disease



    • Two people in Beijing were recently diagnosed with the pneumonic plague, which is known to be the most deadly version of the disease.
    • The plague is a disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis,which is found in animals, particularly rodents.
    • It can be transmitted to humans through infected animals and fleas. 
    • In the Middle Ages (5th-15th century), plague was also known as the ‘Black Death’ as it was responsible for the deaths of millions of people in Europe.
    • Bubonic plague: This infects a person’s lymphatic system (which is a part of their immune system), causing inflammation in the lymph nodes. If left untreated, the bubonic plague can also convert into either pneumonic of septicemic plague. Its symptoms include fever, chills, weakness and headaches.
    • Pneumonic plague:According to WHO, pneumonic plague is the ‘most virulent form of plague’ and can be fatal within 24 to 72 hours. It occurs when the bacteria infects the lungs. It is the only type of plague that can be transmitted from human to human. Symptoms are chest pain, fever and cough. It is highly contagious and transmissible merely by coughing.
    • Septicemic plague:This is when the bacteria enters the blood stream and multiplies there.
      • If left untreated, pneumonic and bubonic plague can lead to septicemic plague.A person infected by septicemic plague may also notice their skin turning black. The plague is a life-threatening disease but if caught early, can be treated with antibiotics. However, without prompt treatment, the disease can lead to serious illnesses and even death.
      • At times, antibiotics alone are not enough —additionally intravenous fluids and extra oxygen are required to treat a person.  Since it is highly contagious,those who are infected with pneumonic plague are kept in isolation. And people in close contact with the person infected are given a dose of antibiotics as a preventive measure. Other preventive measures to curb a plague outbreak are to keep the rodent population in control with pest control measures, ensuring that surrounding areas are clear of stacks of wood that rodents feed on among others.



    1. Israeli settlements in the West Bank np longer violate international law




    • The United States has told that it no longer thinks Israeli settlements in the West Bank violate international law. The new US view is different from that of most countries’ on this issue.Previously, in 1978 and 1981,the US had taken opposite stands.


    • Where is West Bank-It is a landlocked territorynear the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, bordered by Jordan to the east and by the Green Line separating it and Israel on the south, west and north. The West Bank also contains a significant section of the western Dead Sea shore.


    • The West Bank was captured by Jordan after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.Israelsnatched it back during the Six Day War of 1967, and has occupied it ever since.
    • It has built some 130 formal settlements in the West Bank, and a similar number of smaller, informal settlements have mushroomed over the last 20-25 years.
    • Over 4 lakh Israeli settlers — many of them religious Zionistswho claim a Biblical birthright over this land — now live here, along with some 26 lakh Palestinians.
    • The United Nations General Assembly, the UN Security Council, and the International Court of Justice have said that the West Bank settlements are violative of the Fourth Geneva Convention.
    • Under the Fourth Geneva Convention (1949),an occupying power “shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies”.
    • Under the Rome Statute that set up the International Criminal Court in 1998, such transfers constitute war crimes, as does the “extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly”.
    • Under the Oslo Accords of the 1990s,both Israel and the Palestinians agreed that the status of settlements would be decided by negotiations. But the negotiations process has been all but dead for several years now.
    • Israel walked into East Jerusalem in 1967, and subsequently annexed it. For Israel, Jerusalem is non-negotiable. The Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state. Most of the world’s nations look at it as occupied territory.
    1. Uighur detention camps


    • For some months now, international concern has been growing about what China is doing to its Uighur population. Reports have emerged of China ‘homogenising’the Uighurs.
    • Around a million Uighurs,Kazakhs and other Muslims have been bundled into internment camps, where they are allegedly being schooled into giving up their identity, and assimilate better in the communist country dominated by the Han Chinese.
    • China resolutely denies all such allegations,claiming the camps to be ‘educational centres’ where the Uighurs are being cured of “extremist thoughts” and radicalisation, and learning vocational skills.
    • Uighurs are a Muslim minority communityconcentrated in the country’s northwestern Xinjiang province.
    • They claim closer ethnic ties to Turkey and other central Asian countriesthan to China, by brute — and brutal — force.
    • Xinjiang is technically an autonomous region within China — its largest region, rich in minerals, and sharing borders with eight countries, including India, Pakistan, Russia and Afghanistan.
    • Over the past few decades, as economic prosperity has come to Xinjiang, it has brought with it in large numbers the majority Han Chinese, who have cornered the better jobs, and left the Uighurs feeling their livelihoods and identity were under threat.
    • This led to sporadic violence, in 2009 culminating in a riot that killed 200 people, mostly Han Chinese, in the region’s capital Urumqi. And many other violent incidents have taken place since then.
    • Beijing also says Uighur groups want to establish an independent state and, because of the Uighurs’ cultural ties to their neighbours, leaders fear that elements in places like Pakistan may back a separatist movement in Xinjiang.
    • Therefore, the Chinese policy seems to have been one of treating the entire community as suspect, and launching a systematic project to chip away at every marker of a distinct Uighur identity.











    1. Spain’s striker David Villa retires from football


    • Spain’s striker David Villahas announced his retirement from football.
    • He represented Spainin three World Cups and was also a member of the Spanish side that lifted the trophy in 2010, and won the European Championships in 2008.
    • He netted 59 times for Spain which is a national record.
    • His achievements also includes a Champions League title with Barcelona, as well as two La Liga wins and a World Club Cup medal.


    15.       2020 Hockey Pro League

    ·      Bhubaneswar will host India’s home matches during the 2020 Hockey Pro League. The sport’s governing body announced this yesterday. The International Hockey Federation (FIH) said, the second edition of the Hockey Pro League will be played between 11th of January and 28th of June.

    ·      Bhubaneswar has become a hockey hub in India and has been hosting a majority of tournaments, the most recent being the Olympic qualifiers.

    ·      The Pro League will feature 144 matches in the coming season.

    ·      Australia’s home matches will be played in Perth and Sydney, while England will be playing its share in London. The first match will feature the Netherlands and China on 11th of January at the Wujin Hockey Stadium in Changzhou.

    ·      The other matches will be played at different venues in Argentina, Belgium, Germany, New Zealand, Spain and USA.


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