• Current Affairs , 24th OCTOBER 2019

    • January 9, 2020
    • Posted By : upliftlife
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    1. Venkaiah Naidu to lead Indian delegation at 18th Non-Aligned Movement Summit
    2. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Report
    3. IAF fires two BrahMos missiles at Trak Island
    4. QS Indian University Rankings
    5. National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities launched
    6. People’s participation a guiding tenet of policymaking for govt: PM Modi
    7. Siachen base camp to Kumar Post opened for tourism purposes
    8. IFFI, Goa to celebrate Golden Jubilee Edition
    9. Prakash Javadekar launches first national protocol to enumerate snow leopard population in India
    10. World Lead Prevention Week
    11. United Nations WFP launches ‘Feed Our Future’ cinema ad campaign
    12. People’s Icon Award 2019
    13. Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party wins Canada’s general election
    14. Sourav Ganguly takes charge as BCCI President
    15. BWF French Open




    1. Venkaiah Naidu to lead Indian delegation at 18th Non-Aligned Movement Summit



    • Vice President, M. Venkaiah Naidu will lead the Indian delegation at the 18th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) to be held at Baku, Azerbaijan on 25th to 26th of this month.
    • The theme for the Summit is -Upholding the Bandung Principles to ensure concerted and adequate response to the challenges of the contemporary world. The Ten Principles of Bandung, a political statement encapsulating the need to promote world peace and cooperation were formulated at the Asian-African Conference in 1955.
    • The theme is significant as it relates to the forthcoming 65th anniversary of Bandung Principles in 2020 and the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the Movement in 2021.
    • The Summit will focus on a whole gamut of contemporary issues such as Terrorism, threats to peace and security, UN reform, climate change, sustainable development, economic governance and south-south cooperation.
    • The participation of the Vice President would further strengthen India’s engagement with NAM and its member countries. Mr Naidu will deliver the national statement at the NAM Summit and hold bilateral meetings with other Heads of States and Governments including the President of the host country, on the sidelines.
    • India is one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement which was established in 1961 with 29 members. It has since grown to 120 members to become one of the largest groupings of nation-states.




    1. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Report



    • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released its crime statistics for the year 2017.
    • Women safety: Uttar Pradesh,Maharashtra and West Bengal are deemed most unsafe for women.
    • There were 58,880 incidents of rioting in 2017 of which the maximum incidents were reported from Bihar at 11,698, followed by Uttar Pradesh at 8,990. Of the total, communal and sectarian riots accounted for the largest. Among union territories, Delhi recorded the most murder cases in 2017 at 487.
    • Fake news: NCRB for the first time collected data on circulation of “false/fake news and rumours.” Maximum incidents were reported from Madhya Pradesh (138).
    • A new category of offences committed by various categories of “Anti-National Elements”:Maximum offences were committed by Left Wing Extremist (LWE) operatives (652), followed by North East insurgents (421) and Terrorists (Jihadi and other elements) (371). Most killings took place in Chhattisgarh. 




    3. IAF fires two BrahMos missiles at Trak Island

    ·     Two BrahMos surface to surface missiles were fired by Indian Air Force at Trak Island in the Andaman Nicobar group of islands. The missiles were fired yesterday and today. The twin firings have been carried out as a part of the routine operational training.

    ·     Indian Air Force said, the missile engaged the designated mock targets close to 300 Kilometres away. A direct hit on the target was achieved in both cases. The firing of the missiles has enhanced Air force capability to engage the grounds targets with pinpoint accuracy from a mobile platform.

    ·     The BrahMos (designated PJ-10) is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace. It is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks cruise missile and other similar sea-skimming Russian cruise missile technology. The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

    ·     It is the world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation. The land-launched and ship-launched versions are already in service, with the air and submarine-launched versions currently in the testing phase.An air-launched variant of BrahMos appeared in 2012. A hypersonic version of the missile, BrahMos-II, is also presently under development with a speed of Mach 7-8 to boost aerial fast strike capability. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2020


    1. QS Indian University Rankings



    • QS Indian University Rankingshave been released recently. This is the second edition of the standalone rankings for India’s higher education institutions.
    • The rankings includepublic, private, higher education or deemed universities.
    • The methodology used eight indicators to determine the institutions’ rankings. These wereacademic reputation (weight of 30%), employer reputation (20%), faculty-student ratio (20%), the proportion of staff with a PhD (10%), papers per faculty from Scopus database (10%), citations per paper from Scopus database (5%), the proportion of international students (2.5%), and the proportion of international faculty (2.5%).
    • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) dominate the list, with seven IITs figuring in the top ten.Like last year, IIT-Bombay leads followed by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
    • This year, IIT-Delhi has improved its performance by one rank to overtake IIT-Madras.Delhi University, University of Hyderabad and the Indian Institute of Science are the only other non-IIT institutions in the top ten.


    1. National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities launched


    • TechSagar, national repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities launched. National Cyber Security Coordinator’s office in partnership with Data Security Council (DSCI) of India.
    • It is a platform to discover India’s technological capability through a portal.
    • It is a consolidated and comprehensive repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities which provides actionable insights about capabilities of the Indian Industry, academia and research across 25 technology areas like internet of things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), blockchain, cloud & virtualisation, robotics & automation, ar/vr, wireless & networking, and more.
    • The portal will list business and research entities from the IT industry, startups, academia, and individual researchers.
    • The repository will facilitate new opportunities for businesses and academia to collaborate, connect and innovate in future.
    • TechSagar will allow targeted search, granular navigation and drill down methods using more than 3000 niche capabilities. As of now, the repository features 4000+ entities from industry, academia and research including large enterprises and start-ups providing a country level view of India’s cyber competencies.
    • Data Security Council of India (DSCI), is a not-for-profit, industry body on data protection in India, setup by NASSCOM. It is committed to making the cyberspace safe, secure and trusted by establishing best practices, standards and initiatives in cyber security and privacy. To further its objectives, DSCI engages with governments and their agencies, regulators, industry sectors, industry associations and think tanks for policy advocacy, thought leadership, capacity building and outreach activities.

    6. People’s participation a guiding tenet of policymaking for govt: PM Modi



    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said people’s Participation remained a guiding tenet of policymaking for his government. The Prime Minister stated this during his meeting with JP Morgan International Council in New Delhi .
    • The Council comprises global statesmen like former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, former Australian Prime Minister John Howard and former US Secretaries of State Henry Kissinger and Condoleezza Rice
    • . During his meeting, Mr Modi discussed with global statesmen his vision for making India a five trillion dollar economy by 2024. He said, the development of world-class physical infrastructure, improvements in affordable health care and providing quality education are some other policy priorities for his government.
    • On the foreign policy front, India continued to work together with its strategic partners and close neighbours to build a fair and equitable multipolar world order.
    • After 2007, this was the first time that the International Council met in India.




    1. Siachen base camp to Kumar Post opened for tourism purposes





    • Government of Indiahas decided to open the entire area from Siachen base camp to Kumar Post for tourism purposes. The step has been taken to boost tourism in Ladakh.
    • It will also give people a window to appreciate the tough work done by Army jawans and engineers in extreme weather and inhospitable terrains.
    • The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds.
    • The Glacier came under the strategic control of India in 1984 following ‘Operation Meghdoot’.


    8. IFFI, Goa to celebrate Golden Jubilee Edition


    • International Film Festival of India, IFFI, Goa celebrates its Golden Jubilee Edition this year beginning from 20th of next month. The list of films for Open-Air Screenings during 50th International Film Festival of India in Goa has been released. In all, 14 movies will be screened at the two venues.
    • Old Classics- Padosan and Chalti ka Naam Gaadi will be a part of the Open-Air Screenings during the 50th International Film Festival of India in Goa. The theme is ‘The Joy of Cinema’ where select movies from the Comedy and related genre and the Indian Panorama section will be screened for the audience.
    • The screenings will be organized at two venues – Joggers Park, Altinho, Panjim and Miramar Beach. The Jogger’s Park will screen movies on comedy and related genres and Miramar Beach will screen select movies of the Indian Panorama section. Open-Air Screenings will be open to everyone and will not require any registration and the entry will be free for all.



    9. Prakash Javadekar launches first national protocol to enumerate snow leopard population in India


    • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change today launched the first national protocol to enumerate the snow leopard population in the country on the occasion of International Snow Leopard Day.
    • The Day is celebrated on October 23 every year to protect and conserve the snow leopards and preserve the beautiful wildlife of the Himalayas.
    • Giving the keynote address at the Inaugural session of the 4th steering committee meeting of the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program in Delhi, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar expressed confidence that all range countries can work together and enumerate the number of snow leopards.
    • He said snow leopard range countries must strive to double the snow leopard population in the coming decade. He said it is time to think about the green economy and cross country cooperation for the conservation of wildlife. He also expressed happiness that 2,967 tigers reside in India, which is 77 per cent of the world tiger population.
    • India is believed to have 400 to 700 snow leopards spread across Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Poaching is a major threat for the snow leopards.
    • Project Snow Leopard is an initiative of the Environment Ministry which aims to safeguard and conserve India’s unique natural heritage of high altitude wildlife populations and their habitats by promoting conservation through participatory policies and actions. Snow leopards play a critical role in their ecosystem as top predators.







    1. World Lead Prevention Week



    • World Lead Prevention Weekstarted on October 20, 2019.
    • On the sidelines, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)has released a report on lead concentration in items like paints.
    • Ninety ppmis the concentration limit recommended by the Model Law and Guidance for Regulating Lead Paint published by the UNEP in 2018. It is the lowest and most protective regulatory limit for lead paints that has been set in India and some other countries.
    • Only 13 countries have laws which prescribe that lead concentration should not be more than 90 particles per million (ppm).
    • These 13 countries are part of 73 countries out of the UN’s 193 members, which, as of September 30, 2019, had confirmed that they had legally binding controls on lead in paint, according to the UNEP report.
    • The largest economic burden of lead exposure was borne by low- and middle-income countries.
    • Lead is added to paints for various reasons, including enhancing the colour, reducing corrosion and decreasing the drying time. However, lead can reach soil, dust and groundwater through weathering or peeling of the patin.
    • Lead exposure accounted for 1.06 million deaths from long-term effects and 24.4 million disability adjusted life years known as DALYs in 2007.
    • Lead can cause permanent damage to the brain and nervous system, resulting in decreased IQ and increased behavioural problems.
    • It can also cause anaemia, increase the risk of kidney damage and hypertension, and impair reproductive function.
    • Young children and pregnant women (whose developing foetus can be exposed) are especially vulnerable to the adverse effects of lead. Even relatively low levels of exposure can cause serious and irreversible neurological damage.


    1. United Nations WFP launches ‘Feed Our Future’ cinema ad campaign




    • The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP)has launched a cinema advertisement campaign ‘Feed Our Future’ to raise awareness and take steps against hunger and malnutrition in India.
    • This programme held in Facebooks Mumbai office, Maharashtra with support from UFO Moviez India Limited and Indian digital cinema distribution network.
    • The United Nations World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian organization committed to saving lives in emergencies and changing lives through sustainable development.
    • In India, WFP has been working in partnership with the Government for more than 50 years to contribute to its efforts to achieve food and nutrition security.
    • WFP does this by demonstrating scalable pilots, providing specialised knowledge and international experience for effective implementation of food safety nets and supporting research and monitoring efforts.



    1. People’s Icon Award 2019



    • Jennifer Anistonto receive People’s Icon Award 2019 at the 2019 People’s Choice Awards.
    • The actress would be the 2nd-ever recipient of the title. 50-year-old Aniston has played the most iconic, unforgettable characters and has conquered comedy and drama on both the small and big screen.She is a 7-time People’s Choice Award winner.
    • She won an Emmy and a Golden Globe for her role as Rachel Green in Friends and has received numerous People’s Choice awards over the years.
    • E! announced that the actress would be the second-ever recipient of the title and will receive the honor at the 2019 E! People’s Choice Awardson Sunday, Nov. 10. Last year, Melissa McCarthy accepted the trophy for the inaugural award.


    13.           Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party wins Canada’s general election

    • Election results show Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’sLiberal Party will return to power, but as a minority government after Monday’s general election.
    • The victory ensures that Trudeau will serve as Prime Minister for a second term. Trudeau spoke to a cheering crowd in Montreal about his victory.
    • “From coast to coast to coast, tonight Canadians rejected division and negativity. They rejected cuts and austerity. They voted in favor of a progressive agenda and strong action on climate change,” he said. “We will make life more affordable, we will continue to fight climate change, we will get guns off our streets.”
    • Trudeau, the Liberal leader, and Conservative leader Andrew Scheer were the two top contenders in Monday’s competitive general election. More than 300 parliamentary seats were up for grabs. Health care, the climate crisis and the cost of living reportedly are voters’ top issues.
    • Trudeau, 47, picked up a key endorsementlast week from former President Barack Obama but the Prime Minister has faced a difficult campaign after revelations that he wore blackface in the past. He said he didn’t know how many times he put the racist makeup on.
    • Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister in November 2015. He is the son of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and is the first child of a Canadian prime minister to be elected to the office. He managed to awaken the ‘Trudeaumania’ that brought his late father to power in the 1960s.
    • Scheer has tried and failed to capitalize on the scandal and criticism of Trudeau. But neither his negative emphasis nor his polices have engaged voters. Scheer is fiscally and socially conservative, offering the promise of a stable government with tax cuts and balanced budgets. During the campaign, Scheer disclosed that he is an American citizen, with dual nationality in Canada and the United States. He said he is in the process of renouncing his American citizenship. Dual nationality does not legally disqualify someone from running for Prime Minister.





    14.        Sourav Ganguly takes charge as BCCI President



    • Former India captain Sourav Ganguly today assumed the charge of President of Board of Control for Cricket in India – BCCI. He was officially entrusted with the task of heading Indian cricket for the next nine months at the BCCI’s General Body meeting today.
    • With Ganguly’s election, the almost three-year-long reign of the Supreme Court-appointed Committee of Administrators has come to an end.
    • During the meeting, Mahim Verma of Uttarakhand was elected as the new vice-president, Jay Shah was made the secretary. Arun Dhumal became the treasurer and Kerala’s Jayesh George took the joint secretary’s position.
    • Ganguly’s experience as the Secretary and later President of Cricket Association of Bengal is expected to come in handy as he sits to decide some challenging issues like veteran Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s international future, Day/Night Test cricket, setting up permanent Test centres among others.
    • The elegant player has already set a few goals with the primary ones being the restructuring of first-class cricket as well as getting the administration back in shape along with getting India’s position of reverence back in the corridors of International Cricket Council.


    15.        BWF French Open


    • Saina Nehwal will face Hong Kong’s Cheung Ngan Yi in the opening round of Women Singles at the BWF French Open Super 750 tournament in Paris.
    • Among other Indians, Sameer Verma, Parupalli Kashyap and Kidambi Srikanth will also be seen in action in Men’s Singles.
    • Yesterday, Subhankar Dey and P.V.Sindhu advanced to the second round. Subhankar defeated Indonesia’s Tommy Sugiarto in the first round of men’s singles while P V Sindhu beat Canada’s Michelli in the opening game of women’s singles.
    • In Women’s doubles, the pair of Ashwini Ponnappa and N Sikki Reddy is in the fray. The men’s doubles pair of Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty and the duo of Manu Attri and B Sumeeth Reddy will also participate in the tournament. In mixed doubles, the duo of Satwiksairaj and Ashwini is in the fray. Their doubles matches are also slated.


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