• Current Affairs, 25th January 2020

    • January 27, 2020
    • Posted By : upliftlife
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    1. PM interacts with recipients of Rashtriya Bal Puraskar, 2020



    • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi interacted with recipients of Rashtriya Bal Puraskar, here today. The awards were conferred by the President of India . The awardees will also participate in the Republic Day Parade.
    • The 49 awardees are from various states of India including one each from Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. The children are winners in the fields of art & culture, Innovation, Scholastic, Social Service, Sports and Bravery. The Government of India acknowledges children as one of the most important partners in nation-building. Towards this end the Government gives these awards every year to recognize exceptional achievements of our children in the fields of innovation, scholastic achievements, social service, arts & culture, sports and bravery


    1. corruption as canker and calls for a total war on corruption



    • The Vice President of India, Shri M Venkaiah Naidu today called for a total war on corruption and described corruption as a major canker which skews growth and development, deepens poverty and increases inequality.
    • Delivering the ‘IC Centre for Governance Sardar Patel Lecture on Governance’ at Upa Rashtrapati Niwas, Shri Naidu said that various transformative policies and programmes like Beti Bachao, Beti Padao, Ayushman Bharat, Goods and Services Tax and ‘Swachh Bharat’ are aimed at accelerating the progress and empowering people. “We can accomplish the desired goals only if we have a robust governance system and there is an unflinching commitment to excellence at every level”, he added.
    • He asked the bureaucracy to be more proactive and ensure that there was no gap in the intent, execution and delivery of various services to the people.
    • Observing that it was critical for the state institutions to be agile, adaptable and resilient in the rapidly changing 21stcentury, he called for strengthening program implementation, improving competence and credibility of institutional structures and adopting a work ethic that keeps national interest at the top and public welfare at its core.
    • Wondering whether degeneration in moral and social values in the society has led to a general decline in the functioning of public services at every level, Shri Naidu called for an introspection and said that it was imperative to initiate a movement of ethics at all levels in governance of the country.
    • The Vice President said that there was a need to foster public trust in institutions and the integrity of public officials, while injecting greater accountability into decision-making. “I feel that it is imperative that a movement of ethics is initiated at all levels in governance of the country”, he added.
    • Asserting that people must be at the center of an effective and just governance system, Shri Naidu called for efforts to ensure that the poorest of the poor and most deserving gets the benefits of government schemes. “Perhaps, we need Process Reengineering in governance. We don’t have to change the system, as is being suggested in some quarters, but we have to make the system work better”, he added.
    • Paying glowing tributes to Sardar Patel, he described him as the unifier and Iron Man of modern India.
    • Observing that India owed a huge debt of gratitude to Sardar Patelfor unifying the nation into a single territorial entity, the Vice President said that nothing mattered more to Sardar Patel than the interests of the nation.
    • The Vice President said that Sardar Patel wanted the All India Services, which he conceived as a ‘steel-frame’ of the nation, to provide people-centric governance. “With a clear vision for an efficient administrative system, Sardar Patel wanted the civil servants to maintain the highest standards of probity and efficiency and strive to uplift the conditions of the poor without any fear or favour”, he added.
    • In this context he recalled that the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to Indian Union was total, final and irrevocable. He also pointed out that Article 370 was only a temporary provision and said that it had outlived its purpose long back.
    • The Vice President said that unity and consensus on larger issues facing the country was the need of the hour. He advised people to develop a positive outlook and not become cynical. He urged the youngsters in particular to adopt a constructive approach towards nation building.
    • The Vice President said that allIndians must work together, a collective endeavour, for ushering in Gandhi Ji’s Ram Rajya, where there is all-round inclusive growth without poverty, discrimination, inequality, illiteracy and hunger. ‘Every citizen must strive to protect the unity, safety, security and sovereignty of the country’, he added.


    1. Punjab bans Autos older than 15 years in the state

    • Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) has already banned the registration of new diesel/petrol three-wheelers in Amritsar, Jalandhar, Fatehgarh Sahib, Ludhiana, and Mohali districts.
    • ThePunjab Government has announced a ban on three-wheelers that are older than 15 years and run on fossil fuel. The vehicles will be replaced with electric or compressed natural gas (CNG) engines
    • The move comes as there is a large number of the auto that is more than 15 years are operating in the state.
    • Earlier, the Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) has already banned the registration of new diesel/petrol three-wheelers in Amritsar, Jalandhar, Fatehgarh Sahib, Ludhiana, and Mohali districts.
    • The ban on autos in Patiala and Bathinda districts is underway. Also, in major cities, the CNG supply stations have been set up. State Police have been empowered to remove the old autos.


    1. National Conclave on Emerging Opportunities in Natural Gas sector held in New Delhi


    • The conclave focused on CBG which is a great initiative that has the potential to generate wealth from waste, provide employment, protect the environment, and give a boost to the economy.
    • The national conclave on Emerging Opportunities in the natural gas sector was held on 23 January in New Delhi. It was graced by Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan. The present share of gas in the energy basket of the country is 6.2% and the target is to take it to 15% by 2030.  In India, Gujarat has a 26% share of gas-based energy.
    • The conclave focused on CBG which is a great initiative that has the potential to generate wealth from waste, provide employment, protect the environment, and give a boost to the economy.
    • The States discussed to adopt qualification packs developed by Hydrocarbon Sector Council in their Vocational Training Institutes.
    • The conclave witnessed an exhibition which was inaugurated by the Minister. It highlighted various developments and initiatives in the gas sector.


    1. ECI to host 10th Annual Meeting of FEMBoSA at New Delhi


    • Election Commission of India (ECI)is to host the 10th Annual Meeting of the Forum of the Election Management Bodies of South Asia (FEMBoSA) and an International Conference on Strengthening Institutional Capacity.
    • The theme of the 10th annual meeting of the forum is Strengthening Institutional Capacity.
    • There will be three sessions during the Conference focusing on Election Management Bodiesand international organizations.
    • The meeting aims to Strengthen Institutional Capacity of EMBs in various countries.
    • The January 2020 issue of ECI’s quarterly magazine Voice International will be released during the meeting. It will carry articles on the theme of Innovative Methods of Voter Registration.
    • The EBM representatives will share their experiences, best practices, and initiatives in the meeting.
    • Representatives from the Election Management Bodies (EMBs) and International Organisations are expected to participate in the event.
    • FEMBoSA was initiated at the3rd Conference of Heads of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Countries held at New Delhi from 30 April to 2 May 2012 through a unanimously adopted resolution on 1 May 2012 to establish the Forum. The Conference unanimously adopted the Charter of the Forum. The FEMBoSA meeting is held by rotation among the members every year. The 9th annual meeting of FEMBoSA was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh in September 2018.


    1. 2020 Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar



    • The govt of India announced the 2ndedition of the 2020 Subash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar on January 23, 2020 marking the 123rd birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. The award is given annually and 2020 award selection & the nominations were scrutinized by two high level Committees. Disaster Mitigation & Management Centre (DMMC) of Uttarakhand and Kumar Munnan Singh were honoured with the award.
    • DMMC was selected under ‘institution category’ while Shri Kumar Munnan Singh was selected under ‘individual category’ for their contributions in disaster management.
    • Institution:Usually the winner incase of being an institution would receive a certificate, and a cash prize of Rs 51 lakhs.
    • Individual: Incase the winner is from an individual category, then a certificate and a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakhs.
    • Previous awardee:Previously in 2019, the 8th Battalion of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) located at Ghaziabad, was selected for the 1st edition of this award for its commendable work in disaster management.
    • Award eligibility: Citizens of India and also organisations excelling in areas of disaster management activities like prevention, mitigation, preparedness, rescue, response, relief, rehabilitation, research/ innovations or early warning will be eligible for the award.


    1. President Ram Nath Kovind to address Nation on eve of 71st Republic Day

    • President Ram Nath Kovind will address the Nation on the eve of the 71st Republic Day today.
    • The address will be broadcast on the entire National network of All India Radio and telecast over all channels of Doordarshan from 7 PM in Hindi followed by the English version.
    • Broadcast of the address in Hindi and English on Doordarshan will be followed by broadcast in regional languages by regional channels of Doordarshan.
    • All India Radio will broadcast regional language versions from 9.30 PM onwards on its regional networks.


    1. AI can play significant role in decision making but human discretion is irreplaceable


    • Chief Justice of India SA Bobde has said, use of artificial intelligence in the judiciary can play a significant role in decision making, but human discretion is irreplaceable when it comes to delivering justice.
    • Addressing the 79th foundation day celebration of Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, IATA, in New Delhi today, Justice Bobde said, many nations are adopting and even experimenting with artificial intelligence in their judiciaries as this advanced technology has potential to reduce the workload in the judiciary.
    • He said,  artificial intelligence will bring new hope in public institutions in the country. On the role of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, he said, it has played a vital role in the tax administration by adopting the transparent mechanism to help the taxpayers.





    1. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro arrives in New Delhi on a four-day visit



    • Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro arrived in New Delhi today on a four-day visit to India. Minister of State for External Affairs V Muralidharan received Mr Bolsonaro at the Air Force Station Palam.
    • The Brazilian President will be the chief guest at the Republic Day Parade on Sunday. He will also meet President Ram Nath Kovind tomorrow who will host a Banquet in his honour.
      Mr Bolsonaro will hold talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi tomorrow. Several agreements will be signed after the talks.
    • The Brazilian President is accompanied by eight ministers, four members of the Brazilian Parliament, senior officials and a large business delegation. during Mr Bolsonaro’s maiden visit.


    1. India, China Border Personnel Meet At Ladakh


    • A Ceremonial Border Personnel Meeting (BPM) between India and China was conducted on the occasion of Chinese Spring Festival at Chinese BPM Huts at Daulat Beg Oldie -Tien Wien Dien (DBO-TWD) Meeting Points, the northern-most meeting point between armies of both countries on the Line of Actual Control in Ladakh.
    • The Indian delegation was led by Lt. Col. Amit Kumar Sharma and Chinese Delegation was led by Lt. Col. Lee Ming Ju.
    • Both the delegations interacted in a free, congenial and cordial environment. The meeting reflected the mutual desire to maintain and improve relations at the functional level in the border areas.
    • A cultural programme showcasing Chinese culture and traditions was organized by the Chinese side. The delegations parted amidst a feeling of friendship and commitment towards enhancing the existing cordial relations and trust along the borders.


    1. PM Modi says priority should be given to duties rather than rights

    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi today said that priority should be given to duties rather than rights. Interacting with the 49 awardees of Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar, Mr. Modi said that he is amazed that at such a young age these children performed incredible tasks. He said, these children have shown courage to fight difficult situations.
    • Appreciating the work done by the children, who got national awards in various categories, the Prime Minister said, he is proud to see the awareness of their duty towards society and the nation. He said, he gets inspiration and energy from the children. He added that one must never rest on their laurels and achievements and always think that they still have a lot to contribute to the country.
    • Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar aims at encouraging children to excel in different fields and recognize efforts of institutions doing exceptional work for children. The Bal Shakti Puraskar is given in the fields of innovation, social service, scholastic, sports, bravery and arts and culture. The award carries a medal, cash prize of one lakh rupees, a certificate and citation.




    1. EU chiefs sign Brexit deal


    • Brussels’ two top officials, the Presidents of the European Commission and the European Council, signed off on Britain’s EU divorce agreement, Brexit.
    • With Ursula von der Leyen and Charles Michel’s formal endorsement, the text will now go to the European Parliament on 29th of January for ratification. Then, diplomats from the EU member states will approve the deal in writing, ensuring Britain’s orderly departure at midnight on 31st of January.
    • President of the European Council Michel said, things will inevitably change but friendship will remain. He said, we start a new chapter as partners and allies.


    1. India, Bangladesh sign agreement to upgrade Ashuganj-Akhaura road into 4-lane highway



    • India and Bangladesh signed an agreement to upgrade the 50.58-kilometre long road between Ashuganj river port and the Akhaura land port in Bangladesh into a 4-lane highway.
    • The deal to upgrade the 39 km long road between Ashuganj river port to Dharhar area was signed between the Roads and Highways Department (RHD) of Bangladesh and an Indian Company Afcons Infrastructure Limited.
    • The RHD and an India-Bangladesh joint venture firm will take up the work of upgrading the remaining part of the road from Dharhar to Akhaura.
    • The project is part of the dollar 2 billion second line of credit extended by India to Bangladesh in 2016. The project will boost connectivity between Bangladesh and North-eastern part of India which will facilitate sub-regional connectivity among South and South-east Asian countries.
    • Speaking at the signing ceremony, High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh Riva Ganguly Das said development cooperation is an important aspect of India-Bangladesh relations. She said both governments have identified 46 projects in Bangladesh that would improve connectivity within the country and out of the country. Road Transport and Bridges Minister of Bangladesh Obaidul Quader hoped that the work would be completed on time and quality would be maintained.
    1. Ruling Nepal Communist Party wins 16 seats out of 18 in National Assembly


    • The Ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) has won 16 seats out of 18 in National Assembly, the upper house of parliament.
    • Its alliance partner Rashtriya Janata Party Nepal has bagged remaining two seats. The election for 18 vacant seats of National Assembly was held in all seven provinces of Nepal .
    • A total 45 candidates from six political parties were in fray. The main opposition Nepali Congress could not win a single seat. This is perhaps first time in the political history of Himalayan nation that Nepali Congress could not get a single seat in election.
    • The two-year tenure of 19 lawmakers of National Assembly is expiring on March 3. One seat will be filled by the presidential appointment on recommendation of the government. The National Assembly has in total 59 seats and one-third of the seats remain vacant in every two year.
    • The members are elected by an electoral college comprising lawmakers from all seven provincial assemblies and representatives from local bodies.




    1. India beat New Zealand by 6 wicket at Eden Park in Auckland

    • In cricket, India have won the first T20 International of five-match series against New Zealand by six wickets.
    • Visitors achieved the target of 204 in just 19 overs losing four wickets at Eden Park in Auckland. For India, KL Rahul made 56, skipper Virat Kohli scored 45 and Shreyas Aiyyar made 58 runs.
    • Earlier, put in to bat first, New Zealand scored 203 for five in the stipulated 20 overs. Colin Munro and Skipper Kane Williamson smashed quick-fire half-centuries.
    • The second T20 will also be played at Eden Park in Auckland on Sunday while the third T20 will be held at Hamilton on the 29th of this month.
    • The 4th T20 will be played at Wellington on 31st January while the final and the 5th match will be held at Mount Maunganui on 2nd February.
    • The three-match ODI series starts from 5th of February 5 with the first match at Hamilton, followed by the second at Auckland and the third ODI at Mount Maunganui.



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