• Current Affairs , 4th OCTOBER 2019

    • January 10, 2020
    • Posted By : upliftlife
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    1. Vayoshreshtha Sammans

    ·     The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, presented the Vayoshreshtha Sammans – a scheme of National Awards for senior citizens of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment – today (October 3, 2019) in New Delhi.

    ·     Speaking on the occasion, the President said that senior citizens are important parts of our social and national life. He noted that Central and State Governments are taking various steps – such as Ayushman Bharat, concessional rail fair, savings schemes for senior citizens, old age pensions – to make their lives easy.

    ·     The President said that while appreciating the efforts made by governments and NGOs, we should also take some responsibilities at own level for our senior citizens.  Together we must maintain an environment in which they have freedom of thoughts and expressions. We have to make them feel that their contributions are useful for family and society.  This will give them a sense of self-satisfaction and their body and mind will remain healthy.

    ·     The President said that young generation should always remember that elder people symbolize our legacy and heritage. By giving them due respect and help, youth can progress in their lives.  He said that all generations should live in harmonious coexistence and keep our culture of joint family intact. Nature has built an unbreakable relationship between each generation so that our experience, knowledge and skills can be transferred seamlessly to the next generations.

    ·     Among the dignitaries present on the occasion were Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment and Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar, Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment.

    2. Envoys of Five Nations Present Credentials to President of India

    ·     Ambassadors of Denmark, France, European Union, Mexico and Kazakhstan presented credentials to the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, at a ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

    • The envoys who presented their credentials were: –
    • Mr Freddy Svane, Ambassador of Denmark
    • Mr Emannuel Lenain, Ambassador of France
    • Mr Ugo Astuto, Ambassador of the European Union
    • Mr Federico Salas Lotfe, Ambassador of Mexico
    • Mr Yerlan Alimbayev, Ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan


    3. Vice President asks medical fraternity to launch awareness to prevent Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

    ·     The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has asked the medical fraternity to take lead and launch an awareness campaign on the need to prevent non-communicable diseases like diabetes, hypertension and cancer, which are assuming disturbing proportions.

    ·     He wanted both private and public hospitals as well as individual doctors to visit nearby schools, colleges and community centres in their localities regularly and educate  the youngsters on the health hazards posed by modern lifestyles and the need to undertake regular physical activity and adopt healthy dietary habits.

    ·     Inaugurating the 27th Annual Conference of the Indian Academy of Neurology – IANCON 2019, in Hyderabad today, Shri Naidu said the country was facing the twin burden of some communicable diseases and NCDs, apart from glaring absence of adequate modern medical facilities in rural areas.

    ·     The Vice President also advised the governments and policy makers to give more incentives for setting up medical institutions in rural areas. The Central Governments and the States must provide a helping hand to private sector without compromising on standards. He also wanted the Medical Council of India to address the issue of increasing seats in neurology, while ensuring that the colleges strictly adhere to regulations.

    ·     Referring to neurological disorders, he said that India has a huge burden affecting all strata of society, both in rural and urban areas.

    ·     Expressing concern that every year at least 2 million people in India suffer from brain stroke resulting in long-term disability, including paralysis and other problems, the Vice President said there was an urgent need to educate the public to control their blood pressure, blood sugar levels and adopt a healthy lifestyle apart from providing treatment.

    ·     Stating that the rise in acquired neurological diseases (non-communicable) was a worrisome development, he opined that changing lifestyle and dietary habits were adding to the trend. “Over the last two decades, the burden of non-communicable diseases like stroke, epilepsy, headaches, and spine and brain disorders in India has increased more rapidly than communicable diseases like infections and fever. 55.2% of all deaths in India in 2016 were due to non-communicable diseases, according to a study” he added.

    ·     Shri Naidu said that the burden of the neurological disease must be tackled by adopting a multi-pronged approach including augmenting seats in neurology and establishing more and more hospitals in the rural areas equipped with CT and MRI scans for early diagnosis of neurological disorders.

    ·     Observing that the health sector in India was facing the problems of inadequate public spend, low doctor-patient ratio, high share of out-of-pocket expenditure, inadequate infrastructure in rural areas including lack of penetration of health insurance and inadequate preventive mechanisms, the Vice President  opined that it was crucial  to address this huge gap in the supply of trained healthcare practitioners by opening more medical colleges and increasing the number of seats at both graduate and postgraduate levels.

    ·     To mitigate this crisis, we need to pay much more attention to Primary Healthcare, which is the first point of contact with any patient with the medical system.

    ·     More than 2000 delegates, including 15 international experts from the USA, UK, Australia, Austria, Portugal, Japan, and Italy attended the conference.

    4.New Delhi – Ludhiana Intercity Express train extended


    • New Delhi – Ludhiana Intercity Express train has been extended upto Lohian Khas via Jalandhar. Union Ministers Piyush Goyal, Dr. Harsh Vardhan and Harsimrat Kaur Badal flagged off the extended train during a function at New Delhi Railway Station.
    • The train has also been renamed as Sarbat Da Bhala Express.



    5. Chairs 8th meeting of Hindi Salahkar Samithi of Rajya Sabha



    • The Vice President of India and the Chairman, Rajya Sabha, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has called for constant dialogue, exchange of ideas and interaction between Indian languages to strengthen the cultural, linguistic and emotional unity of the country.
    • Addressing the 8th meeting of the Hindi Salahkar Samithi of the Rajya Sabha, in Hyderabad today, the Rajya Sabha Chairman, Shri Naidu said that the best way to protect and preserve languages was to constantly use them and called for steps to promote all languages along with Hindi. He said one must accord full respect to all the mother tongues or native languages.
    • Stating that knowing many languages was an advantage, especially in a country like India which was home to rich linguistic diversity, the Vice President asserted that there should not be imposition of any language, nor should there be opposition to any language.
    • Describing Hyderabad as the confluence of cultures and languages, Shri Naidu said that the city played an important role in the promotion, spread, and development of Hindi, Urdu along with Telugu. He also said scholars of Sri Trilok Chandra Shastri, Pandit Krishna Dutt, Pandit Vinayak Rao Vidyalankar, Shri Badri Vishal Pitti and others have made commendable contributions for the promotion and propagation of Hindi in the region.
    • Talking about the importance of Hindi which is spoken by a large number of people in the country, the Vice President said the main objective of Hindi Salahkar Samithi of Rajya Sabha was to promote the use of Hindi in the day-to-day administration of the Upper House.
    • The Vice President also suggested that a handbook or dictionary of simplified Hindi words should be published as it would be beneficial for MPs, especially from the non-Hindi speaking States. He also asked the Department of Official Language to conduct a workshop for MPs on the usage of simplified Hindi words.
    • Soon after assuming that charge of Rajya Sabha Chairman, Shri Naidu had suggested that the Samithi must meet twice a year and one meeting should be held in the non-Hindi speaking region. Today’s Hyderabad meeting was the first in that series.
    • The Vice President hoped that the meeting of the Rajbhasha Samiti held in Hyderabad would help in promoting the use of Hindi in South India and other states of the country and assist in increasing the dialogue between languages and enrich their vocabulary and literature.
    • Referring to the inspiration of Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi in the promotion of Hindi, the Vice President said that Gandhiji established the Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha in Madras in 1918. With his inspiration, Hindi Prachar Sabha was also established in Hyderabad in 1935.
    • Earlier the Vice President hosted a breakfast for the samithi members. Others who attended the breakfast include Minister of State for Home affairs, Shri G. Kishan Reddy and Rajya Sabha Members, Shri Y.S. Chowdary and Shri Santosh Kumar.



    1. President of India, Shri Ram NathKovind presented 2019 Swachchta Ambassador award to Sachin Tendulkar

    • on the occasion of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the president of India Shri Ram NathKovind presented 2019 Swachchta Ambassador award to former Indian cricketer Shri Sachin Tendulkarduring the 5th edition of India Today Safaigiri Summit held in New Delhi.
    • While the United Nations(UN) had set sustainable development goals(SDG) to be achieved by 2030, India would be achieving it 11 years ahead of the schedule.
    • It is an initiative of the India Today Group. The awards are given to felicitate individuals and organisations leading the change in cleanliness.
      A total of 16 awards were given in the category Corporate trailblazer, community mobiliser, garbage guru, tech icon, toilet titan, river-cleaning initiative, water warrior, best sanitation app, cleanest religious place, cleanest city, cleanest school district, most effective swachhata ambassador, waste wealth creators, cleanest railway station, best sanitation skill training institution and cleanest village.


    1. In a first of its kind, IRCTC will pay compensation to passengers on delay


    • For the 1sttime in India , Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) will compensate for passengers of the Tejas Express (India’s first private train running on the Lucknow-New Delhi route ) if the train is late.
    • Compensation: If Tejas Express runs one hour later than its scheduled time, passengers will be paid Rs 100 and if this train was delayed more than two hoursRs 250 will be given to the passengers.
      Insurance Cover: Apart from compensation, an insurance cover of Rs 25 lakh will also be provided free of cost to passengers, including insurance of Rs 1 lakh for theft or robbery during the journey.



    1. 4thedition of KAZIND-2019, a joint military exercise between India & Kazakhstan begins at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand


    • 4thedition of KAZIND-2019, the joint military exercise between India and Kazakhstan commenced in Pithoragarh ,Uttarakhand , which will continue till October 15, 2019 with the involvement of 100 soldiers from both the armies. It aims to carry out counter-terrorism operations in hilly areas.
    • During this time the soldiers of the two countries will share experiences of various military operations and counter-terrorism retaliation.
    • Various aspects of the emerging trends of global terrorism and hybrid warfare during military exercises have been included due to contemporary influences in current times as well as global scenarios.
    • This joint military exercise will enhance mutual defense cooperation between the two countries. At the same time it will prove to be helpful in strengthening the bilateral relations between the two countries.
      About KAZIND: It is an annual event organized in turn in both countries.




    9. Joint inauguration of Metro Express and ENT hospital in Mauritius


    • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Mauritius, The Hon’ble Mr. Pravind Jugnauth jointly inaugurated the Metro Express and new ENT Hospital in Mauritius through a video link today.
    • Prime Minister Modi noted the significance of the Metro and health-care projects in further enhancing the quality of life of the people of Mauritius, as well as in deepening the close ties between the two countries. He also noted that today’s event was the first such occasion bringing India’s and Mauritian leaders together through a vide link across the Indian Ocean.
    • much anticipated Metro Express (Light Rail Transit) Project, will transform the mobility landscape in Mauritius as an efficient, faster and cleaner mode of public transport. The state-of-the-art energy efficient ENT Hospital will significantly expand access to quality health-care and benefit the people in addition to being the first paperless E-Hospital in Mauritius.
    • Prime Minister Jugnauth expressed his deep appreciation for the Indian support for these as well as other development cooperatition projects in Mauritius. He also conveyed his appreciation to all  stakeholders for timely execution of these two people-oriented projects.
    • The two leaders also lauded the growth of India-Mauritius cooperation for the well-being of both the peoples and for peace and prosperity in the Indian Ocean region and in the world.


    1. Relation between India, US at all time high


    • Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal has said that the relationship between India and United States is better than ever before.
    • Speaking at the World Economic Forum’s India Economic Summit in New Delhi yesterday, Mr Goyal said, understanding between the two countries has increased. While agreeing that there are challenges, he added that India and US are engaging in a healthy way to improve trade relations.
    • The Minister said, India has an important role to play in the field of trade as it is the largest democracy in the world with spiralling demand for products.
    • US Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, who also participated in the session, indicated that a trade deal between the two economies will happen soon.
    • He said that focusing bilaterally on eliminating artificial trade barriers will help both India and the US. He also made it clear that the US’s focus is not just on reducing trade deficit but also to focus on increasing total trade with India.


    11.       Sri Lanka: Judgement likely today on petition challenging citizenship of Presidential candidate Gotabaya Rajapksa

    ·     In Sri Lanka, a three-judge bench of the court of appeal is likely to pronounce its judgement on the petition challenging citizenship of Presidential candidate Gotabaya Rajapksa.

    ·     The court has held the hearings yesterday where deputy solicitor general Nerin Pulle informed the court that the Department of Immigration and Emigration does not have the applications and documents pertaining to the passport of Mr Gotabaya Rajapaksa.

    ·     The petitioners alleged that the citizenship certificate issued to Mr Gotabaya Rajapaksa is not a valid document before the law.

    ·      They added that only the subject minister is vested with the power to issue dual citizenship but Gotabaya’s certificate has been issued by his brother and then President Mahinda Rajapaksa, which is an illegal act.

    ·     Deputy solicitor general stated that executive powers are vested with the President even if a cabinet has not been appointed.

    • Meanwhile, the Permanent High Court today granted permission to Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa to travel overseas for a medical checkup from 9th to 12th of this month.
    • The former defence Secretary is an accused for allegedly misappropriating state funds during the construction of the D.A. Rajapaksa museum. Mr. Rajapksa has requested the court to release his client’s passport as he is due to travel overseas for a medical examination and for handing over nominations for the upcoming presidential election on November 16.

    12.       Strong typhoon hits South Korea

    ·     A powerful typhoon has lashed southern South Korea, leaving nine people dead and five others missing.

    ·     Typhoon Mitag brought strong winds and heavy rainfall to the southern part of the country during the last two days.

    ·     the nine dead included six people who were buried by landslides. It said seven people were injured in typhoon-related incidents.

    ·      the storm knocked out power to 48,670 homes and flooded hundreds of homes and other buildings.

    13.       Iraq: Indefinite curfew imposed in Baghdad after protests

    ·     In Iraq, an indefinite curfew was imposed in the capital city Baghdad today after two days of protests across the country that descended into violence and have left nine dead and around 400 wounded.

    ·     Iraqi premier Adel Abdel Mahdi ordered the ban on movements across Baghdad early today to stem the popular demonstrations over widespread unemployment and state corruption.

    ·     The tension has been exacerbated by a near-total Internet shutdown, the closure of government offices and at least one overnight explosion that hit the Green Zone, where some ministries and embassies are located. Since erupting in Baghdad on Tuesday, the protests have spread to other cities in the country’s south.

    ·     Top United Nations official in Iraq Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert met with some protesters in Baghdad yesterday to call for direct dialogue between them and government officials.

    ·     In Iraq, anti-government demonstrators defied an around-the-clock curfew in Baghdad and other cities today as security forces used live ammunition and tear gas during a third day of unrest that has left 31 people dead.

    ·     Authorities cut internet access in much of Iraq since last night in a desperate move to curb the rallies. By today afternoon, the curfew was extended to three other southern provinces.

    ·     The spontaneous rallies have been spurred mostly by youths wanting jobs, improved services such as electricity and water, and an end to endemic corruption in the oil-rich country.

    ·     The unrest is a serious challenge for Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi’s year-old government, which also has been caught in the middle of increasing US-Iran tensions in the region.

    14.       US widens trade war with tariffs on Airbus planes, French cheese, Scotch whisky

    ·     The United States has said it would enact 10% tariffs on European-made Airbus planes and 25% duties on French wine, Scotch ,Irish whiskies and cheese from across the continent as punishment for illegal EU aircraft subsidies.

    ·     The announcement came after the World Trade Organization gave Washington a green light to impose tariffs on 7.5 billion dollars worth of EU goods annually in the long-running case, a move that could ignite a tit-for-tat transatlantic trade war.U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said in a statement that finally, after 15 years of litigation, the WTO has confirmed that the United States is entitled to impose countermeasures in response to the EU’s illegal subsidies.

    ·      US expect to enter into negotiations with the European Union aimed at resolving this issue in a way that will benefit American workers, Lighthizer added.

    ·     The US  target list for EU tariffs, set to take effect on Oct. 18, includes large Airbus planes made in France, Britain, Germany and Spain for 10% tariffs.






    15.         Maj AQ Khan Won Silver Medal in 53rd Asian Body Building and Physique Sports Championship 2019


    • Maj Abdul Quadir Khan of the Corps of Signals brought laurels to India by winning a Silver Medal at the prestigious 53rdAsian Body Building and Physique Sports Championship held at Batam, Indonesia on 02 Oct 19. Commissioned in Jun 2014, he took to Body Building with fervour in spite of an extremely busy regimental schedule.
    • His prowess in the sport took a dramatic turn while at 1 Signals Training Centre at Jabalpur where he benefited immensely from the excellent training infrastructure and accomplished coaches. After honing his skills, he participated in the Indian Body Building Federation (IBBF) selection trials held at Khammam, Telangana in July 2019 and got selected to represent India.
    • His accomplishment in the sport is spectacular and has also brought glory to the Indian Army and Corps of Signals. It is also significant that this was his maiden event. With his unbridled passion and commitment to the sport, he will continue to bring laurels to India at the International stage. Also, his achievement will resonate with budding sportsmen and inspire them to achieve greater heights.




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