• Current Affairs , 7th OCTOBER 2019

    NATIONAL NEWS

     

    1. THE HEALTHCARE SERVICE PERSONNEL AND CLINICAL ESTABLISHMENTS (PROHIBITION OF VIOLENCE AND DAMAGE TO PROPERTY) BILL, 2019.

     

     

    • A Bill to prohibit violence against healthcare service personnel and damage or loss to property of clinical establishments and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.
    • WHEREAS, acts of violence causing injury or danger to life of healthcare service personnel and damage or loss to the property of clinical establishments are on the increase in the country creating unrest among healthcare service personnel resulting in hindrance to healthcare services in the country;
    • AND WHEREAS, to protect healthcare service personnel and property of clinical establishments against violence, it has become necessary to prohibit such acts of violence, to provide for punishment by making such acts of violence as cognizable and non-bailable offence and to provide compensation for injury to healthcare service personnel or for causing damage or loss to the property of clinical establishments;
    • CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, extent, application and commencement —
    • (1) This Act may be called the Healthcare Service Personnel and Clinical Establishments (Prohibition of violence and damage to property) Act, 2019. It extends to the whole of the India. It applies to clinical establishments as defined in clause
    • (a) of section 3 and registered under the Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 or under any State Act for the time being in force. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
    • Application of other laws not barred- The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not, save as otherwise expressly provided, in derogation of any other law for the time being in force. Definitions— In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—
    • (a) “clinical establishment” meansa hospital, maternity home, nursing home, dispensary, clinic, sanatorium or an institution by whatever name called that offers services, facilities requiring diagnosis, treatment or care for illness, injury, deformity, abnormality or pregnancy in any recognized system of medicine established and administered or maintained by any person or body of persons, whether incorporated or not; or a place established as an independent entity or part of an establishment referred to in sub-clause
    • (i), in connection with the diagnosis or treatment of diseases where pathological, bacteriological, genetic, radiological, chemical, biological investigations or other diagnostic or investigative services with the aid of laboratory or other medical equipment, are usually carried on, established and administered or maintained by any person or body of persons, whether incorporated or not; and shall include a clinical establishment owned, controlled or managed by – the Government or a department of the Government; or a Public Sector Undertaking or Autonomous Body of the Government; a trust, whether public or private; a corporation (including a society) registered under a Central, or Provincial or State Act, whether or not owned by the Government; a local authority; and a single doctor, Explanation: For the purposes of this clause, an ambulance or a mobile medical unit shall be deemed to be a clinical establishment if such vehicle is fitted with medical equipment and is used for providing healthcare service.
    • (b)”healthcare service personnel- in relation to a clinical establishment, shall includeA registered medical practitioner, possessing a recognized medical qualification as defined in clause (h) of section 2 of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, and enrolled in a State Medical Register as defined in clause (k) of that section; a medical practitioner registered for practising in any other system of medicine which is recognized under any law for the time being in force; a registered dentist, registered dental hygienist and registered dental mechanic as defined in clause (I) of Section 2 of the Dentist’s Act, 1948; a registered nurse, midwife, auxiliary nurse-midwife and health visitor who is registered as such under section 15A of the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947;
    • a medical student who is undergoing education or training in any system of medicine recognized by any law for the time being in force; a nursing student who is undergoing education or training in nursing profession; a para-medical workers, para-medical student and diagnostic services provider; and ambulance driver and helper, “section ” means a section of the Act; “violence” means an act which causes or may cause…. harm, injury, hurt, grievous hurt, intimidation to, or danger to the life of, a healthcare service personnel in discharge of duty, either within the premises of a clinical establishment or otherwise; or obstruction or hindrance to a healthcare service personnel in discharge of duty, either within the premises of a clinical establishment or otherwise; loss of or damage to any property or documents in a clinical establishment; Words and expression used herein and not defined, but defined in Indian Penal Code or in the code of criminal procedure, 1973 shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in those Codes.
    • CHAPTER II OFFENCES AND PENALITIES Prohibition of violence- No person shall indulge in any act of violence against a healthcare service personnel or cause any damage or loss to any property in a clinical establishment.
    • Offences and penalties:
    • (1) Whoever commits violence or abets or incites commission of violence against any healthcare service personnel or abets or incites or causes damage or loss to any property of a clinical establishment, shall, upon conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to five years, and with fine, which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees;
    • (2) Whoever, while committing violence as referred to in sub-section (1), causes grievous hurt as defined in section 320 of the Indian Penal Code to any healthcare service personnel, shall, upon conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three years, but which may extend to ten years, and with fine, which shall not be less than two lakh rupees, but which may extend to ten lakh rupees. Information of offence- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, upon a written request of the aggrieved healthcare service personnel, it shall be mandatory for the person in charge of a clinical establishment to inform the officer in charge of the concerned police station of the commission of an offence under this Act. Offence to be cognizable and non-bailable- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, an offence punishable under this Act shall be cognizable and non-bailable.
    • Investigation of offence-Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, any case registered under this Act shall be investigated by a police officer not below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police.
    • Compensation for acts of violence – (1)In addition to the punishment provided for the offence under section 5, the convicted person shall be liable to pay, by way of compensation (i) an amount, twice the amount of fair market value of the damaged property or the loss caused, as may be determined by the court; (ii)one lakh rupees for causing hurt to healthcare service personnel and five lakh rupees for causing grievous hurt to healthcare service personnel. (2)If the convicted person does not pay the compensation granted under sub-section (1), the said sum shall be recovered as an arrear of land revenue under the Revenue Recovery Act, 1890.

     

     

     

    2. Shramdan Under Swachhata Mission at GPO, Delhi by Shri Prasad

    • Union Minister of Communications Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad today administered the oath of ban on use of single-use plastic to the officers and staff of the postal department at GPO, near Gole Market and took part in a Shramdan event under Swachhata Hi Sewa campaign.
    • He also planted a sapling in the post office premises and urged the officials to make the heritage post office established in 1928 into a clean, green, eco-friendly and a model post office. He said,it should also become a tourist attraction due to its heritage nature.
    • Shri Prasad said that inspired by the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014 and on 2nd October, 2019 (150th anniversary of Bapu), India achieved the distinction of an Open Defecation Free Country. He said, this was the true tribute to Mahatma Gandhi, who always advocated cleanliness.
    • The Minister also urged the officials to collect and compile letters written by Bapu from all over the country and showcase the same through an exhibition for education purposes, particularly for the students.

     

     

    3. Bullet Resistant Jackets made under PM Modi’s‘Make in India’ initiative

     

     

    • Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Shri Ram Vilas Paswan today showcased the Bullet Resistant Jackets being made under the ‘Make in India’ initiative of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
    • The Jackets have been made using standard (IS 17051: 2018) set by the Bureau of India Standard (BIS)which was notified in December, 2018. This standard has been formulated following the directions of Niti Aayog and Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. The standard is expected to fulfil the long pending demand of Indian Armed Forces, Paramilitary Forces and State Police Forces and will assist them in streamlining their procurement process.
    • Union Minister Shri Ram Vilas Paswan expressed happiness over the fact that India has now joinedselected League of Nations such as US, UK & Germany to have its own standard for Bullet Resistant Jackets. Shri Paswan informed the gathering that the standard that has been set by BIS is at par with International Standards.
    • The Minister said that these jackets are light weight weighing between 5 kilograms to 10 kilograms depending on the threat level and are of the best quality in the world. Talking about the prices of the jackets it was informed that these jackets range from Rs. 70,000 to 80,000 which is considerably lesser than the price of the jackets which were being procured earlier.
    • Shri Paswan also expressed happiness at the fact that these jackets are being manufactured under Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative and are already being exported to other nations. He said that this will also lead to an increase in the employment generation across the nation.Shri Paswan congratulated the BIS officials for this feat and said that their efforts and contribution for setting such standards should be recognised and appreciated.
    • An Ex- Army personnel showcased the jacket and explained its salient features to the media. The jackets have a dynamic weight distribution system which makes it feel half its actual weight and also has an easy to open and release system to ensure that the jawans can easily wear and remove the jackets as per their requirement without much effort. These jackets also allow the jawans to use his weapon with ease while getting a 360 degree protection from bullets. Maximum areal densities for Soft Armour Panel (SAP) and Hard Armour Panel (HAP) has been specified for these jackets.
    • As the critical performance requirements and their evaluation procedures have been clearly brought out in this standard, it will ensure the availability of quality Bullet Resistant Jackets at economical price. Central Armed Police Forces like CRPF, BSF, SSB, CISF, NSG etc. have already initiated the process of procuring such jackets as per the Indian Standard set by BIS.

     

     

     

     

    4. Goa Maritime Conclave– 2019 Inaugurated

    ·        The Goa Maritime Conclave (GMC)-2019 was inaugurated by the National Security Advisor, Shri Ajit Kumar Doval, at Goa on 4th October 2019. Inaugurating the conclave, which was conducted by the Naval War College, the NSA, during his key note address brought out that the Sea, Cyber, Space are areas which would pose both opportunities and challenges for the future and hoped that engagements during the GMC would help build up on the opportunities and overcome challenges. The 31st edition of the Naval War College Journal was also released by the NSA on the occasion.

    ·        The theme for the conclave is “Common Maritime Priorities in IOR and need for Regional Maritime Strategy”. The deliberations, which were held over three sessions during the day were focused on capacity building among IOR Navies to tackle emerging maritime threats, in addition to discussing cooperative strategies for enhancing interoperability among partner maritime agencies. Renowned national and international speakers articulated their views on these important issues, which were followed by theme based discussions.

    ·        The sub theme for the first session was “Opportunities and Challenges in IOR”, in which Admiral Sir George Zambellas (retd), former First Sea Lord of the Royal (UK) Navy, and Prof. Varun Sahni, Vice Chancellor of Goa University, were the speakers and the discussion was moderated by Admiral Arun Prakash, PVSM, AVSM, VrC, VSM (Retd), former Chief of the Naval Staff, IN. In the second session, Admiral (Dr) Jayanth Colombage (Retd.), former Commander of the Sri Lanka Navy and Shri Arun Singh (Retd), former Indian Ambassador to the US, spoke on the sub theme “Imperatives and Priorities for Forging a Common Agenda in the IOR”, which was moderated by Admiral Sunil Lanba, PVSM, AVSM, ADC (Retd) former Chief of the Naval Staff, IN. Lastly, in the third session, H.E. Mr Sidharto R Suryodipuro, Ambassador of Indonesia to India and Shri Prabhat Shukla (Retd), former Indian Ambassador to Russia, spoke on the sub theme “Regional Constructs and Strategies in the IOR”, which was moderated by Rear Admiral Sudarshan Shrikhande, AVSM (Retd).

    ·        On the side-lines of the conclave, various bilateral meetings were also held, between the Chiefs of Navies, to further build on the existing bonds of friendship and also discuss issues specific to both countries.

    • The event which was held at Hotel Taj Fort Aguada was hosted by Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, the Chief of the Naval Staff and attended by Chiefs of Navies and senior representatives from 10 Indian Ocean littoral countries which included Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand from South East Asia, Bangladesh, Myanamar and Sri-Lanka from India’s immediate neighbourhood and the islands of Seychelles, Maldives and Mauritius.

     

    5. Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh reaffirms Government’s aim to achieve $26 billion Indian defence industry by 2025

     

     

    • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh has called for an increased and active participation of the private sector in defence manufacturing to achieve the Government’s target of making the Indian defence industry worth $26 billion by 2025. He was addressing the captains of industry at the 22nd India International Security Expo, 2019 (Defence & Homeland Security) here today. Shri Rajnath Singh reaffirmed the Government’s aim of inclusive growth and making India a $5 trillion economy by 2025, adding that the defence sector will play a pivotal role in achieving this goal. “Our aim is to make a world class domestic defence industry that is self-reliant and less dependent on imports”, he added.
    • Raksha Mantri stressed that in its present set up of ‘Minimum Government and Maximum Governance’, the Government plays the role of a facilitator and the duty of the industry is to work in tandem to realise the vision of ‘New & Strong India’. He hoped that the industry partners will come up with concrete investment and technological intervention proposals related to defence and avail the business opportunities present in the sector. He said, there is a need to make the system investor friendly and create a conducive atmosphere for the growth of defence production with an increased participation of the private sector.
    • Shri Rajnath Singh assured the defence industry that the Government is open to new ideas and remains committed to harness the entrepreneurship spirit and energies of the private sector. “As a friend, philosopher & guide, the Government is ready to hold frank discussions, even on issues and problems”, he said. Raksha Mantri expressed confidence that the Indian Defence Industry will touch newer heights and make India a major defence manufacturing hub. He invited domestic as well as foreign defence manufacturers to participate in DefExpo 2020 to held in Lucknow from 05 – 08 February.
    • Sharing his vision of making India an economic powerhouse and global superpower, Raksha Mantri said, he wants that every citizen of the country feels safe & secure and works for the progress of the nation to the best of his/her ability.
    • Describing the recent decision to reduce the Corporate Tax rate as historic, Raksha Mantri said, the step reflects the Government’s commitment to boost growth and investment.
    • Shri Rajnath Singh also listed out the recent measures taken by the Ministry of Defence under ‘Make in India’ programme, including for Start-Ups & MSMEs, to further enhance the participation of Indian industry. He said, Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016 has been revised to promote domestic defence industry. Raksha Mantri also highlighted that the majority of capital procurement approvals given by the Defence Acquisition Council are indigenously developed or produced. “Buy India – Indigenously Designed, Developed & Manufactured (IDDM) has been introduced to promote indigenously designed & developed defence equipments”, he added.
    • On the Defence Industry Corridors in Uttar Pradesh & Tamil Nadu, Shri Rajnath Singh said, the corridors are being established to provide state-of-the-art infrastructure for the setting up of defence production facilities. He said, the corridors will not only encourage regional industry but also develop a well-planned & efficient industrial base to promote defence production.
    • The other initiatives highlighted by Raksha Mantri include – allowing 49% FDI through automatic route and more than 49% FDI through government route; liberalisation of Industrial Licensing to remove barriers for manufacturers, especially SMEs; simplification of ‘Make’ procedure; notifying ‘Strategic Partnership’ model for Indian entities to develop a long-term partnership with Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs); setting up of ‘Defence Investor Cell’; end-to-end online offset processing portal to promote transparency and efficiency; and formulation of iDEX framework to encourage Indian Defence Sector innovations.
    • The 22nd India International Security Expo, 2019 (Defence & Homeland Security) has been organized from 03-05 October 2019 by Indian Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) in collaboration with Punjab, Haryana and Delhi (PHD) Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) among others.

     

    6. Meghalaya Governor offers his inputs regarding social and other issues related to the state

    ·        The Governor of Meghalaya, Shri Tathagata Roy called on the Union Minister of State (I/C) Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh here today.

    ·         During the meeting, the Governor offered his inputs regarding social and other issues related to the state of Meghalaya.

    ·        Dr Jitendra Singh said that the development of peripheral states has always been on the priority of the Government led by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. He added that North east has been benefitted a lot in terms of connectivity with rest of country.

    ·        The purpose is not to bring north east closer to rest of India, but to bring rest of the country closer to North eastern region of the country. There is a lot to learn from North East, he said.

    ·        The Minister said that 22nd National Conference on e-Governance was held in Shillong recently, which was jointly organised by the Department of Administrative Reform & Public Grievances (DARPG), Government of Meghalaya and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India. The ‘Shillong Declaration’ on e-Governance was adopted after intensive deliberations during the sessions held over two days.

    ·        Dr Jitendra Singh said that the Government is making all efforts to promote handloom and handicrafts of North east. He added that other areas which have potential in Meghalaya are fishery development and piggery development, which will provide livelihood opportunities to the people of the state.

    7. SPMCIL pays dividend of Rs 218.48 crores to Govt. of India for Financial Year 2018-19 in compliance of DIPAM guidelines

    ·        Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited (SPMCIL), a Schedule-‘A’ Miniratna Category-I CPSE, wholly owned by Government of India under the administrative control of Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance, has paid a Dividend of Rs 218.48 crores to Government of India for F.Y. 2018-19 here today in compliance of Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) guidelines.

    ·        The dividend cheque was presented to Union Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman by Smt. Tripti P. Ghosh, CMD, SPMCIL along with Shri Ajay Agarwal, Director (Finance), SPMCIL in presence of Shri Atanu Chakraborty, Secretary, DEA and Ms. Meera Swarup, Additional Secretary & Financial Advisor, Ministry of Finance.

    ·        SPMCIL has achieved the targets in the production of Bank Notes, Coins, Security Paper, Passports, Security Inks and other Security Products during the year 2018-19. SPMCIL has produced 10482.34 million pieces of the Bank Notes, 5331 million pieces of circulating coins, 6003 Metric Ton (MT) Security Paper, 752 Metric Ton (MT) of Security Inks in 2018-19. The Revenue from Operations of SPMCIL has increased to Rs 5711.34 crores and Profit before Tax has increased to Rs 815.18 crores during the year 2018-19.

    8. Dr Harsh Vardhan launches FSSAI’s ‘Trans-Fat Free’ logo; gives a boost to “Eat Right India” Movement

     

     

    • Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare launched the “Trans Fat Free” logo of Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), at the 8th International Chefs’ Conference (ICC VII), here today. This marked an important milestone in the movement against Trans-Fats and also provided a momentum to accelerate the ‘Eat Right India’ movement of FSSAI.
    • At the event, Dr. Harsh Vardhan stated that: “The ‘Eat Right India’ movement of FSSAI takes inspiration from the vision of the Hon. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modji ji of giving to the people of this country a ‘New India’ by 2022 that includes health, social security and nutrition. The Prime Minister has also acknowledged the ‘Eat Right Movement’ of FSSAI in his “Mann ki Baat” address”. He further stated that health does not merely mean absence of disease and infirmity but its definition also includes the presence of physical, mental, emotional and spiritual wellness, and food plays a vital role in all these components. Dr Harsh Vardhan said that the primacy given to nutrition and healthy eating practices by the Government forms the pivot of the Poshan Maah, which was observed in September, where many ministries and stakeholders joined hands for enhancing awareness about issues surrounding nutrition.
    • The Union Health Minister said that “Trans fats are the worst type of fats with known health risks. India is committed to eliminating it from the food supply and is progressing towards its objective of trans fat elimination by 2022; a year ahead of the global target by WHO. As part of our collective vision, FSSAI is committed to reducing the industrially produced trans fatty acids to less than 2% by the year 2022 in a phased manner and is geared up to get freedom from trans fats with the motto ‘India@75; Freedom from Trans Fats’.  It is encouraging to see chefs from across the country coming forward to support FSSAI in this cause and working towards a healthier India”.
    • Dr Harsh Vardhan appreciated the bakeries for voluntarily adopting healthier cooking practices to eliminate trans fats. He further stated that it is a national and social responsibility for all of us, and especially for the chefs as they carry an additional responsibility of ensuring that the food served is not just safe and tasty, but also healthy. He congratulated FSSAI for its efforts in mobilizing various stakeholders to work cohesively and take the ‘Eat Right India’ movement forward.
    • At the event, Dr Harsh Vardhan released a slogan ‘Chefs 4 Trans Fat Free’, under which more than 1,000 chefs from different parts of the country took a pledge to use trans-fat free oils in their recipes and work towards their elimination from the diets of Indian populace at large. The Union Health Minister also released a trans-fat free brochure, trans-fat free manifesto for chefs, and distributed pins to five chefs as an acknowledgement for them adopting trans-fat free recipes. He also felicitated ten bakeries who are using trans-fat free oils in their products and those that committed to use trans-fat free oils in the future.
    • Dr Harsh Vardhan also launched the Green Purple initiative logo. The initiative aims to qualify the chefs on food safety legal requirements and sustainable cooking methods, in order to promote trans-fat free cooking. It will be a six months program that includes key areas of trans-fat free cooking, using less sodium, and hygienic, seasonal, eco-friendly, less energy consuming cooking methods. The chefs shall thereafter ensure global standards of food safety and sustainable environment practices.
    • Industrial trans-fats are made by adding hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid, and to increase the shelf life of foods. Trans-fats are largely present in partially hydrogenated vegetable fats/oils, vanaspati, margarine and bakery shortenings, and can be found in baked and fried foods.
    • The food establishments which use trans-fat free oil and do not have industrial trans-fat more than 0.2g/100g of food, in compliance with the Food Safety and Standards (Advertising and Claims) Regulations, 2018 can display “Trans-fat free” logo at their outlets and on their food products. The use of the said logo is voluntary.
    • The food establishments which use trans-fat free oil and do not have industrial trans-fat more than 0.2g/100g of food, in compliance with the Food Safety and Standards (Advertising and Claims) Regulations, 2018 can display “Trans-fat free” logo at their outlets and on their food products. The use of the said logo is voluntary.
    • Thanking the food industry for their proactive support in taking forward the ‘Eat Right India’ movement, Shri Pawan Agarwal, CEO, FSSAI said that “FSSAI is committed to reducing the industrially produced trans fatty acids to less than 2% by the year 2022 in a phased manner. I am hopeful that the Chef community will work with us in achieving this goal.”
    • During the event, sessions were also held on FSSAI’s Hygiene Rating and Right Place to Eat Scheme which is an online, transparent scoring and rating system that aims to empower consumers with informed food choices while eating out. Chefs were encouraged to adopt this scheme across the country to showcase that they are the ‘Right Place to Eat’. Another session focused on the need for reducing sodium/salt content from Indian diets. Chefs were encouraged to prepare recipes with less salt as it reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke even among those who do not have high blood pressure.
    • Also present at the event were members of the food sector fraternity including the scientific community, industry and industry associations, medical and nutrition experts as well as renowned chefs from across the globe highlighting the need to eliminate trans fats from the food supply.

     

     

     

    9. Centre approves additional financial assistance of Rs.1813.75 crore from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF)to the State of Karnataka and Bihar

    ·        Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah has reviewed the ongoing rescue and relief work of all the flood affected States. Keeping in view the severity of flood situation and the fund positions in the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) account of the States of Bihar and Karnataka, the Home Minister has approved advance release of Rs.400 crore to the State of Bihar and Rs.1200 croreto the State of Karnataka from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) ‘on account basis’. He has further approved the advance release of 2nd installment of centre’s share of SDRF amounting to Rs.213.75 crore to the State of Bihar for the year 2019-20.

    ·        The States of Karnataka and Bihar have apprised of the paucity of funds in the SDRF account, resulting in delay in providing relief assistance to the affected people and requested for release of advance additional financial assistance from NDRF. The State of Bihar has also requested for advance release of the second installment ofcentre’s share of SDRF for the year 2019-20.

    ·        During the South West Monsoon, 2019, 13 States have been affected from unprecedented floods/landslide.  In pursuance of a significant decision taken by the Union Home Minister in the High Level Committee (HLC) meeting held on 19th August, 2019, even before receipt of Memorandum from the concerned State Government for seeking additional financial assistance from NDRF, Ministry of Home Affairs constituted Inter Ministerial Central Teams (IMCTs) for 13 States. IMCTs have so far visited 12 States and based on the interim memorandum submitted by States, interim reports have been submitted by IMCTs in respect of Bihar and Karnataka.

    ·        The Central Government has been providing full support to the State Governments by mobilizing/providing timely logistics and financial resources to supplement efforts of the State Governments to deal with the situation effectively in the wake of floods/ landslides. The logistics support provided includes adequate number of teams of National Disaster Response Force, Indian Air Force and Coast Guard helicopters, Army columns, Navy & Coast Guard personnel along with necessary rescue equipment.

    ·        Government of India supplements the effort of the State Government by providing assistance for relief of immediate nature through SDRF and ,  per established procedure. A SDRFhas been constituted for each State. The Central Government contributes 75% for General Category States and 90% for North-Eastern and Hilly States of the SDRF allocation each year. The first charge of relief expenditure is on SDRF and in the cases of calamities of severe nature, it is supplemented from NDRF as per established procedure.

    10.         Muktesh Kumar Pardeshi has been appointed as the next High Commissioner of India to Niue

     

    ·        Shri Muktesh Kumar Pardeshi (IFS:1991), presently High Commissioner of India to New Zealand, has been appointed as the next High Commissioner of India to Niue, with residence in Wellington.

    ·        Niue is is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi) northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands. Niue’s land area is about 261 square kilometres (101 sq mi) and its population, predominantly Polynesian, was about 1,600 in 2016.

    ·         The island is commonly referred to as “The Rock”, which comes from the traditional name “Rock of Polynesia“.

    ·         Niue is one of the world’s largest coral islands. The terrain of the island has two noticeable levels. The higher level is made up of a limestone cliff running along the coast, with a plateau in the centre of the island reaching approximately 60 metres (200 feet) high above sea level.

    ·        The lower level is a coastal terrace approximately 0.5 km (0.3 miles) wide and about 25–27 metres (80–90 feet) high, which slopes down and meets the sea in small cliffs.

    ·         A coral reef surrounds the island, with the only major break in the reef being in the central western coast, close to the capital, Alofi. A notable feature are the many limestone caves near the coast.

     

     

    11.         EAM’s remarks at Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington D.C.

     

    • John Hamre:I’m looking for Rick Ross, he was going to introduce the speaker but I will do that and I just want to say a word of welcome to all of you. Thank you for coming we have public events we always start with those safety announcement. So Rick if he doesn’t show up I’m responsible for your safety we’ll take care of you. If you here a voice exit – we’re going to go to these exits right behind me. I am no worried about the foreign minister, he’s got help okay. I am delighted to have you here today especially this opportunity to listen to the foreign minister, he was the ambassador here in Washington and we’re very fortunate that he has returned, he’s come back to be voice to help us understand you know in this trajectory is a very important message that India is bringing to the world right now and we’re very fortunate this is the only event that he agreed to do it with a public format. So I ask you all to be enthusiastic with your promise and please welcome Foreign Minister of India.
    • External Affairs Minister, Dr. S Jaishankar: Hamrey, dear friends, it’s good to be back and I am delighted to see so many familiar faces in front of me. The topic that I chose for my talk today was ‘Preparing for a different era’ because I am sure all of you would agree that we are, if not in a different era, certainly moving towards one. And I thought I’d share with you both a sense of how we see the world and how we propose to engage that world which we see.
    • Now we do live in tumultuous times and you would all agree that this is a far cry from the mantras of globalization that we heard just a few years ago. The primary characteristics of the world politics today are the rebalancing of the global economy and polity as well as the sharpening contradiction between the United States and China. Both power are engaging today in a manner very different from their past. Whatever the outcomes of their current arguments their behavior will impact the rest of the world very significantly. It will change And probably in time create new approaches to global affairs.
    • The tilt, till recently was firmly in the opposite direction, the world was not only more interlinked in its activities but also in its thinking. Technology was supposed to be the great promise that we could see whereas more connected with each passing day. The default solution to any significant challenge whether promoting trade, addressing climate change or responding to terrorism was through shared endeavors. However all that has started to change.
    • It is not that we did not exist before but national and global interests were usually reconciled through a network of agreements, mechanisms and practices between nation states and international community stood intermediaries, alliances, regional structures of likeminded partners. But this world evolving steadily since 1945 stands eroded today by the disenchantment with the globalization, anger at mercantilism and an inability to accept changes. Its three key principles that we have taken for granted, access to global markets, value of global supply chains and reliance on global skills mobility are all under stress. Players are moreover multiplying even as rules are wakening. The world order is visibly changed but the new one is not yet in sight. Perhaps there will be none for quite some time. Getting used to operating in this indeterminate zone is probably the first challenge of contemporary developments.
    • Now the globalized world is multi-dimensional and its different facets support each other. It builds on the constructs of earlier periods, be it the colonial era, the Cold War or even the unipolar world. Identifying common ground and nurturing transnational linkages, it is most vigorously expressed in economic activities especially over recent decades, a vast range of understandings and regimes were created that covered most aspects of our lives. As technology and economics threw up new domains we responded by fashioning rules for them to, while the practical world of business provided the bedrock of independence, of interdependence, multilateral rules and institutions decided how these businesses actually ran. Between arbitrating competitive interests and overseeing global Commons, they created the basis for reconciling national demands. However imperfect or even unfair it may have been, multilateralism was, till recently, the best game in town. But then this too is enveloped in the tectonic shifts underway.
    • Once globalization comes under attack, all its facets are subject to pressures. Opposition to globalized business will naturally undermine its governing rules and affect the institutions that oversee it. A self-centered worldview does not have place for commitments that do not serve immediate goals. The structural impact on the global order of these developments are likely to be visible over the next generation that would have many dimensions each one of them itself a factor of disruption. The most obvious one is that the world will be increasingly multipolar as distribution of power broadens and Alliance discipline dilutes and India or a Brazil will demand a greater voice with a growing economy. A Germany and a Japan cannot be impervious to changes in American thinking.
    • Secondly a more nationalistic approach to international relations will weaken multilateral rules in many domains. This will be particularly sharp in respect of economic interests and sovereignty concerns. Developments pertaining to the WTO or the law of seas are not good signs. This prospect of stronger multipolarity with weaker multilateralism clearly suggests a more volatile near-term. Third, such a world is also likely to fall back on balance of power as its operating principle rather than collective security or a broader consensus. History has demonstrated that this approach usually produces unstable equilibriums.
    • Fourth, world affairs will see a proliferation of frenemies, they will emerge in both categories, allies who publicly turn on each other or competitors who are compelled to make common cause on issues. Fifth, a more transactional ethos will promote ad hoc groupings of disparate nations who have a shared in dressed on a particular issue. This could be supported by requirements or burden-sharing and the need to reach out beyond Alliance structures. Finally, the combination of these developments will encourage more regional and local balances with less global influence on their working.
    • Put together it does appear that the world’s creativity and diplomatic skills are really going to be tested. Now even if contradictions between China and the West sharpen, it is difficult to foresee a return to a bipolar world and the reason for that is that the landscape has now changed irreversibly. Other nations are independently on the move including India, half the 20 largest economies of the world are non-western now, diffusion of Technology and demographic differentials will also contribute to the broader spread of influence. We see forces at play that reflect the relative primacy of local equations when the global construct is less overbearing.
    • The reality is that the space yielded by the West has been filled by many players not just China. Furthermore both the US and China have a use for third parties and the politics of the day will drive multipolarity even faster. The beneficiaries will be the G20 powers and those at that level, powers who already have prior advantages like Russia, France and UK will probably get a fresh impetus. Some like India can aspire to an improved position, others like Germany could increase the weight through collective endeavors but this would also be a world of a Brazil or a Japan, of a turkey or Iran or Saudi Arabia or an Australia each having a greater say in their vicinity and perhaps even beyond.
    • The dilution of Alliance discipline will only further facilitate this process. What will emerge is a more complex architecture characterized by different degrees of competition, convergence and coordination. It will be like playing Chinese checkers with many more participants but those who are still arguing over the rules. A multipolar world that is intensely competitive and driven by balance of power is not without its risks. Europe with its World War experiences is especially charry. Even dominant powers favored such balancing only as a specific solution not as a general approach. For that reason International Relations envisage collective security as a safety net. Even if that did not always work broader consensus through wider consultations functioned as a plan-b.
    • The skill that current diplomacy therefore values more is the ability to engage contesting parties at the same time with optimal results. At a multilateral level it makes abstention less viable as a default position and encourages more creative approaches. But there is a reason why going up the global hierarchy is judged by the ability to successfully manage conflicting priorities. So in this different era there will be convergence with many but congruence with none. Finding common points to engage with as many power centers will characterize diplomacy at its highest level. For this reason India will find it perfectly natural to engage a Chinese leader at Wuhan, a Russian one at Sochi and then go on to a 2+2 meeting of foreign and defence ministers of the United States.
    • External Affairs Minister, Dr. S Jaishankar:Well, you know, what we have seen, I mean, when we don’t have to look too far into the future we actually need to look back into the past. I mean just look back at the last five years, 10 years, 15 years. What we have seen is that many institutions have come under stress because either, as you say, they’ve lost legitimacy, vitality, efficiency. If significant countries don’t get their substantial interests sorted out there, they start looking elsewhere. So, I mean if you look say a trade, the fact that today you have a proliferation of free trade agreements is because of the feeling that the global trading arrangement was not going to happen. We see that often in security situations where, if you look at last maybe decade or two in the Middle East, you actually have coalitions of countries partly because they are the only countries who have an interest or in some cases they couldn’t convince other countries or in some cases they went to the United Nations, didn’t get the way and so decided they’d do something else.

     

    INTERNATIONAL NEWS

    12.         India- Singapore

     

    • Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance of Singapore Mr. Heng Swee Keat called on Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi .
    • Deputy Prime Minister Keat conveyed regards of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and Minister Emeritus Goh Chok Tong. Prime Minister Modi recalled his productive meetings with them and requested Deputy Prime Minister Keat to convey his best wishes to them.
    • Prime Minister Modi also expressed his appreciation for the participation of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong in the special event to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi at the United Nations in New York last month.
    • Deputy Prime Minister Keat pointed to the transformative steps taken by Government of India, and noted the consequent enhancement in investment opportunities, particularly in India’s infrastructure sector. He also highlighted the increasing cooperation between India and Singapore in the technology sector, including FinTech.
    • Prime Minister Modi expressed happiness at growing investment and trade relations between the two countries. He stated that the launch of RuPay Card and BHIM app in Singapore has greatly enhanced the ease of financial transactions. He also noted the successful organization of the second Joint Hackathon in Chennai with participation of Singaporean students. He highlighted that all these developments symbolizes the close community, business and innovation partnership between the two countries.

     

    13.       Bangladesh: Buddhist leader Satyapriya Mohathero passes away

     

    • The second highest Buddhist leader of Bangladesh and head of Sima Bihar of Ramu in Cox’s Bazar, Satyapriya Mohathero passed away in Dhaka today. He was 89 years old.
    • Born in Cox’s Bazar’s Ramu in 1930, he became a monk in 1950 and took over as the President of the Bangladesh Sangharaja of Bhikkhu Mahasabha in 2006.
    • He was awarded the second-highest civilian award of Bangladesh Ekushey Padak in 2015 for social work.
    • The Ramu monastery had provided shelter to a large number of people during the Liberation War of Bangladesh 1971 in the face of Pakistani atrocities.
    • However, in September 2012, it suffered massive damage as mobs attacked it, angered by an alleged post on Social Media derogatory to Islam.
    • President Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina have condoled the death of the revered Buddhist Monk of Bangladesh.

     

     

    14.       Lankan court dismisses petitions against citizenship of Presidential candidate

    ·     In Sri Lanka, the court of appeal has unanimously dismissed the petitions challenging the citizenship of Presidential candidate and former Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa.

    ·     The decision was delivered this evening after a three-day continuous hearing on the case, heating up the political atmosphere as Gotabaya, brother of former President Mahinda Rajapksa is the main opposition candidate for Presidential elections scheduled for 16th of next month.

    ·     The petitioners had alleged that the citizenship certificate issued to Mr Gotabaya Rajapaksa is not a valid document before the law and thus he is not eligible to contest the elections.

    ·     Earlier, Mahinda’s elder brother Chamal Rajapksa had submitted security deposit this afternoon as an independent candidate for the elections, to cope up with an adverse judgement.

    ·     Mr Gotabaya renounced a dual US citizenship this year to contest for the Presidential polls.

    ·     In another decision, country’s Supreme Court today dismissed a petition challenging the holding of Presidential elections on the ground that the current President has a six-year term.

     

     

     

     

     

    SPORTS NEWS

     

    15.       Vijay Patil elected president of Mumbai Cricket Association

     

    • Education baron Vijay Patil and Sanjay Naik were today elected unopposed as President and Secretary of the Mumbai Cricket Association.
    • The President, Vice-President and Secretary were elected unopposed while polls were held for the posts of Treasurer, Joint Secretary and nine members of the Apex Council.
    • Mr Amol Kale was elected as the Vice-President. Mr Vijay Patil is the son of former Governor and Congress Politician Dr. DY Patil.
    • Mr Shahalam Shaikh was chosen as Joint Secretary while Mr Jagdish Achrekar was elected as the Treasurer.

     

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