• Current Affairs,5 December 2019

    • December 5, 2019
    • Posted By : upliftlife
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    1. PM Modi and President of Maldives jointly inaugurate development projects in Maldives
    2. Shri R. Venkataraman
    3. Nationwide vaccination drive launched under Mission Indradhanush 2.0
    4. Indian Navy Day
    5. 20th Edition of Hornbill Festival begins in Nagaland
    6. ‘POSHAN Abhiyaan
    7. Mumbai Central railway station-1st to receive FSSAI’s ‘Eat Right Station’ certification
    8. India’s 1st National maritime heritage museum to be built in Lothal,Gujarat with the help of Portugal
    9. TRAI changes Rules related to Mobile number portability (MNP) & Unique Porting Code (UPC)
    • Election Commission to implement registration tracking system “PPRTMS”
    1. Global Migration Film Festival organised in Dhaka
    2. Railway ministry signed MoU with UK’s Department for International Development
    3. North Korea warns US against using military force
    4. Bosnia to take full control of its air space
    5. PNB fraud case: Nirav Modi to appear via videolink at UK court





    1. PM Modi and President of Maldives jointly inaugurate development projects in Maldives 


    • The Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of Maldives Ibrahim Mohamed Solih today jointly inaugurated several key development projects in Maldives via video conference.
    • These included gifting of Made in IndiaCoast Guard Ship Kaamiyaab to Maldives, launch of RuPay card, lighting up of Male using LED lights, High Impact Community Development Projects, launch of fish processing plants.
    • Congratulating President Solih on completing the first year of his Presidency, Prime Minister said it was a significant year for the India – Maldives relationship.
    • Prime Minister said, India’s Neighbourhood First Policy and Maldives’ India first Policy has strengthened the bilateral cooperation in all sectors.
    • Speaking about the Fast Interceptor Craft Coast Guard Ship Kaamiyaab, Prime Minister said, it would help in enhancing Maldives’ maritime security, and promote blue economy and tourism.
    • Prime Minister also expressed happiness at partnering through High Impact Community Development Projects for supporting livelihood of the islands community.
    • Prime Minister noted that People-to-People contact is one of the keys aspects of close relations between both the countries. In this context, he said India’s tourist figures in Maldives has more than doubled, 3 direct flights from Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru have also started this week. He said launch of RuPay payment mechanism would further ease travel of Indians to Maldives.
    • Prime Minister said Government is working on building a cancer hospital and cricket stadium in Hulhulmale while work on the water and sanitation project in 34 islands will begin soon.
    • Prime Minister reiterated his commitment to continue partnering with Maldives for strengthening of democracy and development. Prime Minister said both the countries would enhance cooperation for peace and security in Indian Ocean Region.


    1. Shri R. Venkataraman


    • The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, paid floral tributes to Shri R. Venkataraman, former President of India, on his birth anniversary at Rashtrapati Bhavan today (December 4, 2019). The President, family members of Shri R. Venkataraman as well as officers and staff of the President’s Secretariat paid respects before a portrait of Shri Venkataraman.
    • He was an Indian lawyer, Indian independence activist and politician who served as a Union Minister and as the eighthPresident of India.
    • Venkataraman was born in Rajamadamvillage in Tanjore district, Madras Presidency. He studied law and practised in the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court of India. In his young age, he was an activist of the Indian independence movement and participated in the Quit India Movement. He was appointed as the member of the Constituent Assembly and the provisional cabinet. He was elected to the Lok Sabha four times and served as Union Finance Minister and Defence Minister. In 1984, he was elected as the seventh Vice President of India and in 1987, he became the 8th President of India and served from 1987 to 1992. He also served as a State minister under  Kamaraj and M. Bhaktavatsalam.
    • Books:
    • Role of Planning in Industrial Development, by Ramaswami Venkataraman. Published by Govt. of India Press, 1969.
    • The Role of a Private Member of Parliament, by Ramaswami Venkataraman. Published by Harold Laski Institute of Political Science, 1986.
    • My Presidential Years – R Venkataraman, by R Venkataraman. 1995. HarperCollins/Indus. ISBN81-7223-202-0.
    • Venkataraman on Contemporary Issues, by Ramaswami Venkataraman, K. Venkatasubramanian. Published by Variant Communications, 1996.
    • Relevance of Gandhi: And Other Essays, by K Swaminathan, Ramaswami Venkataraman. Published by Gandhigram Trust, 1998.


    1. Nationwide vaccination drive launched under Mission Indradhanush 2.0




    • The centre is launching a nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0across the country.
    • The government’s flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against 8 vaccine-preventable diseases.
    • The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and Hemophilus influenzaare also being provided in selected areas.
    • The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.


    1. Indian Navy Day


    • The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has saluted the Indian Navy personnel on the occasion of Navy Day.
    • Navy Dayin India is celebrated on 9 December every year to recognize the achievements and role of the Indian Navy to the country. 4 December was chosen as on that day in 1971, during Operation Trident, the south fought vessels including PNS Khaibar, killing hundreds of Pakistani Navy[1][2] On this day, those killed in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 are also remembered.
    • During the days leading up to Navy Day, during Navy Weekand the days prior to that, various events take place such as an open sea swimming competition, ships are open for visitors and school children, there is a veteran sailors lunch, performances by the Naval Symphonic Orchestra take place, an Indian Navy Inter School Quiz Competition happens, a fart cloud Half Marathon as well as an air display for school children and the beating retreat and tattoo ceremonies happen
    • Navy Day in India originally coincided with the Royal Navy’sTrafalgar Day. In 1944, the Royal Indian Navy celebrated Navy Day in October, the month of its commissioning in 1944. In 1945, after World War 2, Navy Day was celebrated on 1 December. On the night of 30 November 1945, on the eve of the Navy Day celebrations, Indian ratings painted the slogans such as Inqualab Zindabad.[8] But the old traditions of the British Navy gave way to new reasons to celebrate the day.[8]
    • Navy Day in India is now celebrated to commemorate Operation Trident,[9]which was the attack on the Karachi harbor during the Indo-Pakistan war (on 4 December 1971) by the Indian Naval Missile boats as well in to reverence all the martyrs of that war. During the attack, Indian sailors communicated in Russian to avoid detection. No Indian sailors were killed in the attack.


    1. 20th Edition of Hornbill Festival begins in Nagaland



    • The 20th Edition of Hornbill Festivalbegan with a colourful blend of culture and tradition with a modern twist at Naga Heritage Kisama in
    • The festival organised by Nagaland Government is an annual tourism promotional event to showcase the state’s traditional and rich cultural heritage in all its ethnicity, diversity and grandeur.
    • The Hornbill Festival will witness the cultural performance of different tribes of Nagaland and Northeastern States, indigenous games, city tour, night carnival, art exhibition, photo-fest and many more.



    1. POSHAN Abhiyaan

    • the Vice President of India Shri Venkaiah Naidu launched the ‘POSHAN Anthem’ at an event organised by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) in New Delhi. The anthem was launched to spread the message of the importance of nutrition.
    • Anthem:The lyricist of the POSHAN anthem was Shri Pasoon Joshi and its composer was singer Shri Shankar Mahadevan.
    • POSHAN Abhiyan:The efforts made under the POSHAN Abhiyan (national nutrition mission) scheme that aims to achieve the target of govt. to eliminate malnutrition in the nation by 2022, was discussed. The scheme aims to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
    • Providing training and capacity building programme to the Anganwadi Workers, Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) and Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANMs) were insisted.
    • Smriti Zubin Irani, MoWCD; Sushri Debasree Chaudhuri Minister of State(Mos-WCD); Vice Chairman of NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog, Dr. Rajiv Kumar; Secretary of MoWCD Shri Rabindra Panwar; Additional Secretary of MoWCD Shri Ajay Tirkey were present during the event.



    1. Mumbai Central railway station-1st to receive FSSAI’s ‘Eat Right Station’ certification 


    • The Mumbai Central station of Western Railwayswas conferred with the ‘Eat Right Station‘ certification with a 4-star rating by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). With this certification, it became India’s first “Eat right station”. The certification was done as part of the ‘Eat Right India’ movement launched in 2018 by FSSAI.
    • The certificate was conferred based on healthy diet, food handling at preparation, transhipment & retail/serving point, food waste management, promotion of local & seasonal food and creating awareness on food safety and healthy diet.
    • Food handlers both in canteens and base kitchens were trained by FSSAI along with Western Railways (WR) and Indian Railways Catering Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).
    • Eat Right India movement:The eat right India movement aims to improve the health and well-being of Indians by ensuring they eat healthy. It is built on two broad pillars. They are Eat Healthy’ and ‘Eat Safe’.


    1. India’s 1stNational maritime heritage museum to be built in Lothal,Gujarat with the help of Portugal



    • Government of  India (GoI) & Portugalhas decided to cooperate in the setting up of a India’s 1st National Maritime Heritage Museum at the ancient Indian site of Lothal in Gujarat with the aim to boost the underwater or marine archaeology.. The Museum will showcase salvaged material from shipwreck sites in the Indian Ocean waters.
    • Lothal (literally means the mound of dead) was selected as it has lots of archaeological remains, showcasing the trade route through water.It was considered a major center for maritime trade activities during the ancient Indus Valley (Harappan) Civilizations.
    • The museum will run as an independent research centre of underwater archaeology for reconstruction of maritime history, archaeology of boat building and materials traded.
    • For the museum, the government has appointed the first Director-General(DG), who will be attached to the Gujarat government’s Maritime Board. Museum project will be implemented by the Ministry of Shipping through its Sagarmala programme, with the involvement of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the State government and other stakeholders. It is the study of archaeology that involves recovering submerged remains such as shipwrecks, ports, and studying proxy records of maritime activity from archaeological excavations, archival and historical records. As per the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), there are an estimated 3 million undiscovered shipwrecks spread across ocean floors around the planet.


    1. TRAI changes Rules related to Mobile number portability (MNP) & Unique Porting Code (UPC)


    • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), a statutory body set up by the Government of India (GoI),has changed the rules related to Mobile Number Portability (MNP)by making the whole MNP service time-saving and easier than before.
      TRAI has prescribed the port facility in the service area within 3 days. At the same time, 5 days time has been fixed for getting ported out of service area. The new rules will come into effect from December 16, 2019 .
    • In addition, the validity of the Unique Porting Code (UPC) has also been reduced to 4 daysas against the fortnight (a period of 14 days) earlier. It will be applicable to all circles except the areas of Jammu & Kashmir (J&K), Assam and North East (NE), where the validity of the UPC code remains unchanged to 30 days




    1. Election Commission to implement registration tracking system “PPRTMS”


    • The Election Commission of India (ECI) reviewed the political parties’ registration process and decided to implement new guidelines and “Political Parties. Registration Tracking Management System” (PPRTMS), related to the registration process effective from January 1, 2019. The PPRTMS will be implemented through an online portal inorder to track the status of the applicants.
    • The guidelines for this purpose are made available in the election commission’s website https://eci.gov.in.
    • The salient feature of the PPRTMS is that, an applicant (applying from 1st January, 2020 onwards) can track his/her application by getting status updates through SMS (Short Message Service) and email.
    • An applicant should provide a contact number and email address of the party if the applicant needs to track the status of the application.
    • A party’s registration is governed by the provisions of section 29Aof the Representation of the People Act, 1951. The party should submit the application within 30 days of the party formation.




    1. Global Migration Film Festival organised in Dhaka



    • The Global Migration Film Festival (GMFF)was organised in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    • The festival screened 15 films on the theme of “migration and its various aspects”.
    • The GMFF was started in 2016 and this year it is being organised across many cities in the world.
    • The festival was organised by the International Organisation of Migrants (IOM)and Dhaka University Film Society with the support of the European Union.
    • The Global Migration Film Festival is a global initiative simultaneously being run in many countries of the world to draw attention to the issues of internal migration, forced migration and climate change-related migration to engage people in a conversation on the issue of migration.
    • ‘Gifts from Babylon’, ‘Just another memory’, ‘Dying for Europe’ and ‘ The power of passport’ among the other films of the festival powerfully depicted the suffering and dilemma of the migrants in various parts of the world.
    • IOM is the UN migration agency established in 1951.



    1. Railway ministry signed MoU with UK’s Department for International Development 


    • The Ministry of Railways(MoR) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Department for International Development (DFID), United Kingdom(UK) for collaboration on energy and sustainability. The MoU was signed with the goal to transform Indian Railways’ into “Green Railways” by achieving complete complete electrification of Railway network.
    • The MoU was signed by Mr. Rajesh Kumar Jain, Executive Director(ED)/ Electrical Engineering (Development) of IR and by Mr. Gavin McGillivray, Head of DFID-India. The Mou was signed in presence of Mr. Rajesh Tiwari, Member (Traction) and other officials.
    • The MoU will also cover Electric Vehicle(EV) charging infrastructure deployment, battery-operated shunting locomotives, and capacity development like training programmes, industrial visits, and field visits.
    • The complete electrification of Railway network was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA). The electrification would reduce the carbon footprint and reduce the fuel cost, thus improving the finances.


    1. North Korea warns US against using military force


    • In response to comments by US President Donald Trump, North Korea has warned that if the United States used military force against Pyongyang it would take prompt action. Trump on Tuesday indicated that military action was still possible when he asked about North Korea on the sidelines of a NATO summit in Britain.
    • Responding to Trump’s statement yesterday, Pak Jong Chon, chief of the General Staff of the Korean People’s Army said he was  disappointed by his comments. According to the official KCNA news agency, Chon also said the use of armed forces is not the privilege of the US only. He added that if the US uses any armed forces against the North Korea, they will also take prompt corresponding actions at any level.
    • Denuclearisation negotiations between Pyongyang and Washington have been deadlocked since a summit in Hanoi broke up in February. The renewed threats come as a deadline set by Pyongyang for fresh concessions approaches.



    1. Bosnia to take full control of its air space


    • Bosnia will take full control of its air space from today for the first time ever after its 1990s war of independence led to a period of oversight by international peace forces.
    • Control over its air space was maintained by NATO-led peace forces from 1995 until 2003 when it was transferred to neighbouring Serbia and Croatia while Bosnia built up and modernised its own system.
    • Bosnia took control of air space below 10,000 metres (33,000 feet) in 2014 following a 10-year project to establish its own air navigation management system and after the training of some 400 staff.


    1. PNB fraud case: Nirav Modi to appear via videolink at UK court



    • Fugitive diamantaire Nirav Modi, fighting extradition to India on charges over the nearly  2 billion US Dollar Punjab National Bank (PNB) fraud and money laundering case, was further remanded in custody at a hearing  in a London Court  and asked to appear via videolink on 2nd January next year.
    • Modi appeared for his regular 28-day “call-over” appearance from London’s Wandsworth prison at Westminster Magistrates’ Court, where Judge Gareth Branston reconfirmed that his extradition trial will begin on May 11 next year and will last five days.
    • The judge also decided that Modi will appear via videolink on 2nd January, 2020. Meanwhile, he must appear before the court every 28 days.
    • The 48-year-old had moved yet another bail application last month citing mental health issues from being behind bars at Wandsworth Prison in south-west London since his arrest in March.
    • But the bail plea was turned down by Chief Magistrate Emma Arbuthnot over continued fears of witness intimidation and failure to surrender before the court for his extradition trial in May 2020.






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